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Factors Associated With Condom Use Among Female Commercial Sex Workers in India: A Case Study
Unformatted Document Text:  10 Table 1: Factors Used in the Study and their Reliability ________________________________________________________________________ Constructs Factors Alpha coefficient Knowledge and Awareness Knowledge of HIV/AIDS spread through non-sexual contact .89 Knowledge about HIV/AIDS symptoms .89 Knowledge of HIV/AIDS through sex and exchange of body fluids .80 Knowledge of STD/VD/RTI and anal sex .72 Knowledge of HIV/AIDS spread through external sexual activity .85 Perceived Vulnerability Perception of vulnerability with certain clients and for certain reasons .89 Perception of vulnerability if using other contraceptives or precautions .86 Perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS due to unprotected sex .56 Outcome Expectancies Condom use to prevent STD/HIV/AIDS and pregnancy .86 Obstacles to condom use: access, price & negotiation time .69 Negative client perception and police harassment .73 Clients’ objections to condom use .84 Sex workers’ objections/difficulties in condom use .78 Unreliability of condoms .69 Other difficulties in using condoms .42 * Positive consequences of condom use .39 * Perception of Social Support Can get support and help from pimp and friends .93 Support from pimp, madam, manager, client, peer for condom use .87 No hesitation to buy condoms in nearby shop, to keep at home or to take condoms while going out .85 Can get counsel and advice from friends and give advice to friends .84 Peer Group Comparison Positive influence of peer’s ability & efficacy to use condoms .82 Free interaction and exchange of information with other CSWs .87 Condom-Use Self-Efficacy Condom use efficacy .89 Negotiating condom use with regular partner .85 Negotiating condom use with clients .83 Anxiety about condom use .23 * * These factors had alpha levels below .50 and were not used in subsequent analysis

Authors: Velu, Sanjanthi., Melkote, Srinivas. and Skinner, Ewart.
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10
Table 1: Factors Used in the Study and their Reliability
________________________________________________________________________
Constructs
Factors
Alpha
coefficient
Knowledge
and Awareness
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS spread through non-sexual contact
.89
Knowledge about HIV/AIDS symptoms
.89
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS through sex and exchange of body fluids
.80
Knowledge of STD/VD/RTI and anal sex
.72
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS spread through external sexual activity
.85
Perceived Vulnerability
Perception of vulnerability with certain clients and for certain reasons .89
Perception of vulnerability if using other contraceptives or precautions .86
Perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS due to unprotected sex
.56
Outcome Expectancies
Condom use to prevent STD/HIV/AIDS and pregnancy
.86
Obstacles to condom use: access, price & negotiation time
.69
Negative client perception and police harassment
.73
Clients’ objections to condom use
.84
Sex workers’ objections/difficulties in condom use
.78
Unreliability
of
condoms
.69
Other difficulties in using condoms
.42 *
Positive consequences of condom use
.39 *
Perception of Social Support
Can get support and help from pimp and friends
.93
Support from pimp, madam, manager, client, peer for condom use
.87
No hesitation to buy condoms in nearby shop, to keep at home or
to take condoms while going out
.85
Can get counsel and advice from friends and give advice to friends
.84
Peer Group Comparison
Positive influence of peer’s ability & efficacy to use condoms
.82
Free interaction and exchange of information with other CSWs
.87
Condom-Use Self-Efficacy
Condom
use
efficacy
.89
Negotiating condom use with regular partner
.85
Negotiating condom use with clients
.83
Anxiety about condom use
.23 *
* These factors had alpha levels below .50 and were not used in subsequent analysis


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