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Using a Feminist Human Rights Framework to analyze HIV/AIDS, Communication and the Uighur Minority in China
Unformatted Document Text:  Uighur and HIV/AIDS 11 Modernist development strategies therefore both hinder and exacerbate the HIV/AIDS situation in China. HIV/AIDS Among Minority Populations There is a clear connection between modernist development policies and the state of minority populations within China today. Growing inequality between eastern and western provinces as well as between Han and minority peoples can be attributed to modernist policies, particularly with respect to resource extraction and development. In Xinjiang, despite its thriving cotton and oil industries, there remain “extensive disparities between Han and minorities, [which] bears out, rather than contradicts, the general pattern that economically the Han are doing better than the minorities” (Mackerras, 2003, p. 69). HIV/AIDS affects minority and Han populations in unequal ways, as well. Xinjiang accounts for almost 40% of all HIV infections in China, and 85% of those infected in Xinjiang are Uighur (Renwick, 2002, p. 380). This is clearly an issue which affects the Uighur minority in staggering ways. This massive inequality must be analyzed within a wider economic, political, and social framework, in order to account for the impact of China’s policies concerning ethnic minorities. While China officially claims to embrace “ethnic diversity,” there is a prominent sub-narrative that depicts the minorities as backward and a hindrance to productivity. Susan Blum (2001) carefully documents Han stereotypes of and attitudes toward minority peoples and finds that there is a tendency to characterize minorities as “backward, wild, rude, primitive, uncivilized, ignorant, foolish, stubborn, [and]

Authors: Dare, Alexa.
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Uighur and HIV/AIDS 11
Modernist development strategies therefore both hinder and exacerbate
the HIV/AIDS situation in China.
HIV/AIDS Among Minority Populations
There is a clear connection between modernist development
policies and the state of minority populations within China today.
Growing inequality between eastern and western provinces as well as
between Han and minority peoples can be attributed to modernist
policies, particularly with respect to resource extraction and
development. In Xinjiang, despite its thriving cotton and oil
industries, there remain “extensive disparities between Han and
minorities, [which] bears out, rather than contradicts, the general
pattern that economically the Han are doing better than the
minorities” (Mackerras, 2003, p. 69). HIV/AIDS affects minority and
Han populations in unequal ways, as well. Xinjiang accounts for almost
40% of all HIV infections in China, and 85% of those infected in
Xinjiang are Uighur (Renwick, 2002, p. 380). This is clearly an issue
which affects the Uighur minority in staggering ways. This massive
inequality must be analyzed within a wider economic, political, and
social framework, in order to account for the impact of China’s
policies concerning ethnic minorities.
While China officially claims to embrace “ethnic diversity,”
there is a prominent sub-narrative that depicts the minorities as
backward and a hindrance to productivity. Susan Blum (2001) carefully
documents Han stereotypes of and attitudes toward minority peoples and
finds that there is a tendency to characterize minorities as “backward,
wild, rude, primitive, uncivilized, ignorant, foolish, stubborn, [and]


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