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The Youth Control Complex: Experiences of Criminalization among Chicano and African American Youth

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Abstract:

This paper introduces and demystifies (in a social conflict perspective) what I call the “youth control complex.” I use the “youth control complex” as a conceptual framework to describe the current condition in which racialized youth, specifically African American and Chicano youth from the San Francisco Bay Area, have become hyper-criminalized in the contemporary era of mass incarceration. I present findings from an ethnography of juvenile offenders I conducted between 2002-2004. I bring in the voice of Chicano and African American male youth to illustrate their experience growing up in a hyper-punitive environment characterized by zero-tolerance policing, strict sentencing for traditionally juvenile crimes, and—a drastically expanded phenomenon—
increased policing and criminalization by institutions beyond the criminal justice system.
I argue that for working poor and working-class Chicano youth, a massive structure of social control and socialization has developed from the amalgamation of different youth control, policing, and punishment institutions, making itself extremely prevalent and very much part of their everyday lives. Many of the youth I interviewed describe encounters with the police officers who handcuff them, the probation officers who surveil them, the prosecuters that attempt to give them the harshest sentences as well as school administrators who place them in detention rooms, teachers who humiliate them, community centers that attempt to reform them, and interactions with their parents in similar ways.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

youth (90), probat (50), school (42), crimin (35), offic (33), polic (28), social (26), ronni (25), jose (25), communiti (25), interview (22), arrest (21), surveil (18), time (18), everyday (17), see (17), justic (17), experi (16), control (16), like (16), go (15),

Author's Keywords:

Youth, Race, Deviance and Social Control, Incarceration, Latino, Black, Probation, Policing, Surveillance, Criminalization
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Rios, Victor. "The Youth Control Complex: Experiences of Criminalization among Chicano and African American Youth" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 <Not Available>. 2017-10-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p21285_index.html>

APA Citation:

Rios, V. M. , 2005-08-12 "The Youth Control Complex: Experiences of Criminalization among Chicano and African American Youth" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA Online <PDF>. 2017-10-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p21285_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper introduces and demystifies (in a social conflict perspective) what I call the “youth control complex.” I use the “youth control complex” as a conceptual framework to describe the current condition in which racialized youth, specifically African American and Chicano youth from the San Francisco Bay Area, have become hyper-criminalized in the contemporary era of mass incarceration. I present findings from an ethnography of juvenile offenders I conducted between 2002-2004. I bring in the voice of Chicano and African American male youth to illustrate their experience growing up in a hyper-punitive environment characterized by zero-tolerance policing, strict sentencing for traditionally juvenile crimes, and—a drastically expanded phenomenon—
increased policing and criminalization by institutions beyond the criminal justice system.
I argue that for working poor and working-class Chicano youth, a massive structure of social control and socialization has developed from the amalgamation of different youth control, policing, and punishment institutions, making itself extremely prevalent and very much part of their everyday lives. Many of the youth I interviewed describe encounters with the police officers who handcuff them, the probation officers who surveil them, the prosecuters that attempt to give them the harshest sentences as well as school administrators who place them in detention rooms, teachers who humiliate them, community centers that attempt to reform them, and interactions with their parents in similar ways.


Similar Titles:
Criminality of police officers: Initial findings from a national study of police officers arrested

The Role of Community Attachment and Personal Perceptions: How Social Cohesion Impacts Perceptions of Crime, Disorder, and Attitudes towards Police in a Youthful Population

Cops Should Know the Communities they Police: A Grounded Theory Study of Minority Youths’ Experiences with Stop and Frisk, and their Engagement in Police Reform.


 
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