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Gangs, guns, and employment: applying routine activities theory to explain violent victimization among inner city youth living in extreme poverty

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Abstract:

Over the past 30 years, routine activities and lifestyle (RA) theories have been used as a framework to explain differences in an individual’s risk of victimization. This paper uses the theoretical framework of RA theory to highlight conceptual inconsistencies in RA theory by demonstrating how gangs, gun carrying, and employment can be categorized as both risk and protective factors in a high risk, high poverty context. Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicate that employment is a risk factor for violent victimization in a high poverty, longitudinal sample of inner city adolescents. Additional bivariate analyses also suggest that employment is part of a deviant lifestyle. The theoretical implications of these findings for routine activities theory and developmental criminology will also be discussed.
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Name: American Society of Criminology
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p32655_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Spano, Richard. and Freilich, Joshua. "Gangs, guns, and employment: applying routine activities theory to explain violent victimization among inner city youth living in extreme poverty" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto, <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p32655_index.html>

APA Citation:

Spano, R. J. and Freilich, J. D. "Gangs, guns, and employment: applying routine activities theory to explain violent victimization among inner city youth living in extreme poverty" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p32655_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Over the past 30 years, routine activities and lifestyle (RA) theories have been used as a framework to explain differences in an individual’s risk of victimization. This paper uses the theoretical framework of RA theory to highlight conceptual inconsistencies in RA theory by demonstrating how gangs, gun carrying, and employment can be categorized as both risk and protective factors in a high risk, high poverty context. Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicate that employment is a risk factor for violent victimization in a high poverty, longitudinal sample of inner city adolescents. Additional bivariate analyses also suggest that employment is part of a deviant lifestyle. The theoretical implications of these findings for routine activities theory and developmental criminology will also be discussed.

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Similar Titles:
Routine Activities and Violent Victimization among Juveniles in South Korea

Sexual Victimization among College Students in a Rural Setting: An Extension of Lifestyle Routine Activities Theory

The impact of timing of exposure to violence on violent behavior in a high poverty sample of inner city African American youth


 
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