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Understanding the Relationship between Violent Victimization and Gang Membership

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Abstract:

Over the past decade, researchers have produced a sizeable body of research on the link between gang membership and delinquent behavior. However, research on the relationship between gang membership and violent victimization risk is underdeveloped. The current study extends previous gang research by using multivariate methods to examine the link between gang membership and violent victimization in a sample of juvenile arrestees from the Arizona ADAM program. The current study addresses the following questions and hypotheses: How does the prevalence and incidence of victimization compare across current gang members, former gang members, gang associates, and non-gang members? Does the apparent relationship between gang membership and victimization risk actually reflect the fact that many of the same socio-demographic characteristics (e.g., age and sex) similarly influence the likelihood of both victimization and gang membership? What is the effect of gang membership on the likelihood of victimization relative to other important correlates? How does the presence of rival gangs, a signal for increased retaliatory violence and enhanced collective liability, influence victimization risk across groups?
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Name: American Society of Criminology
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http://www.asc41.com


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MLA Citation:

Katz, Charles., Shaffer, Jennifer. and Webb, Vincent. "Understanding the Relationship between Violent Victimization and Gang Membership" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto, <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p32959_index.html>

APA Citation:

Katz, C. M., Shaffer, J. and Webb, V. J. "Understanding the Relationship between Violent Victimization and Gang Membership" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p32959_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Over the past decade, researchers have produced a sizeable body of research on the link between gang membership and delinquent behavior. However, research on the relationship between gang membership and violent victimization risk is underdeveloped. The current study extends previous gang research by using multivariate methods to examine the link between gang membership and violent victimization in a sample of juvenile arrestees from the Arizona ADAM program. The current study addresses the following questions and hypotheses: How does the prevalence and incidence of victimization compare across current gang members, former gang members, gang associates, and non-gang members? Does the apparent relationship between gang membership and victimization risk actually reflect the fact that many of the same socio-demographic characteristics (e.g., age and sex) similarly influence the likelihood of both victimization and gang membership? What is the effect of gang membership on the likelihood of victimization relative to other important correlates? How does the presence of rival gangs, a signal for increased retaliatory violence and enhanced collective liability, influence victimization risk across groups?

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