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Co-offenders or Co-offenses? The Relative Influence of Individual Characteristics and Situational Factors on Juvenile Co-offending

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Abstract:

Differential association (Sutherland 1939) is one of the most significant theories of peer influence that exists in the field of criminology. It has been tested countless times over the years, but most of these tests have measured delinquent associations as number or proportion of delinquent friends. This study expands on previous tests of differential association theory because it is based on actual co-offending behavior. In other words, I explore the influence of ties between delinquents that represent shared criminal activity rather than other associations between delinquent peers that do not necessarily equate to participation in the same crime events. Using data collected by the Program Development and Evaluation System (ProDES) on delinquents adjudicated by the Philadelphia juvenile court system and assigned to treatment between 1994 and 2002, I test the impact of co-offending on future offending in a series of binary logistic and Poisson regressions. The independent variable is a binary measure for whether or not an individual’s first adjudicated/assigned offense is a solo or co-offense, and I test the impact of this variable on several measures of recidivism during a two-year follow-up period. In each model I also include variables that control for both demographic and offending history characteristics and alternative theoretical explanations (social control, strain theory).
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Name: American Society of Criminology
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MLA Citation:

Daly, Reagan. "Co-offenders or Co-offenses? The Relative Influence of Individual Characteristics and Situational Factors on Juvenile Co-offending" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto, Nov 15, 2005 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p33004_index.html>

APA Citation:

Daly, R. , 2005-11-15 "Co-offenders or Co-offenses? The Relative Influence of Individual Characteristics and Situational Factors on Juvenile Co-offending" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p33004_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Differential association (Sutherland 1939) is one of the most significant theories of peer influence that exists in the field of criminology. It has been tested countless times over the years, but most of these tests have measured delinquent associations as number or proportion of delinquent friends. This study expands on previous tests of differential association theory because it is based on actual co-offending behavior. In other words, I explore the influence of ties between delinquents that represent shared criminal activity rather than other associations between delinquent peers that do not necessarily equate to participation in the same crime events. Using data collected by the Program Development and Evaluation System (ProDES) on delinquents adjudicated by the Philadelphia juvenile court system and assigned to treatment between 1994 and 2002, I test the impact of co-offending on future offending in a series of binary logistic and Poisson regressions. The independent variable is a binary measure for whether or not an individual’s first adjudicated/assigned offense is a solo or co-offense, and I test the impact of this variable on several measures of recidivism during a two-year follow-up period. In each model I also include variables that control for both demographic and offending history characteristics and alternative theoretical explanations (social control, strain theory).

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