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International Labor Standards and Domestic Labor Advocates: The Politics of Labor Rights in Latin America

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Abstract:

As consensus on the importance of labor rights and standards begins to emerge in the international arena, the situation for workers in many developing countries continues to deteriorate. This raises a question that has often been overlooked in current debates on international labor standards in the global economy: How can international labor rights and standards be effectively promoted in countries that lack strong domestic labor rights advocates? Most discussion of international labor rights focuses on the construction of legal norms and instruments to promote labor rights but ignores the importance of domestic agents for implementing and defending these rights on the ground. It is often assumed that the existence of a core set of international labor rights can be leveraged by domestic agents to improve or protect national standards, without considering whether domestic advocates, principally trade unions, possess the capacity or will to do so.

This paper looks at the role of international pressure and union strength in assessing the extent to which labor movements have promoted or effectively defended labor rights during periods of widespread labor law reform in Latin America in the 1990s. The paper concludes with the implications of these Latin American developments for the contemporary debate on effective promotion of international labor standards.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

labor (255), right (181), union (106), law (87), intern (83), reform (82), govern (66), employ (63), countri (62), protect (61), trade (53), ilo (44), collect (41), case (40), polit (37), bargain (37), organ (36), america (34), worker (34), flexibl (34), latin (32),

Author's Keywords:

labor rights, Latin America, trade unions, international labor standards, labor law reform
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MLA Citation:

Cook, Maria. "International Labor Standards and Domestic Labor Advocates: The Politics of Labor Rights in Latin America" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Sep 01, 2005 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p40592_index.html>

APA Citation:

Cook, M. L. , 2005-09-01 "International Labor Standards and Domestic Labor Advocates: The Politics of Labor Rights in Latin America" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC Online <PDF>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p40592_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As consensus on the importance of labor rights and standards begins to emerge in the international arena, the situation for workers in many developing countries continues to deteriorate. This raises a question that has often been overlooked in current debates on international labor standards in the global economy: How can international labor rights and standards be effectively promoted in countries that lack strong domestic labor rights advocates? Most discussion of international labor rights focuses on the construction of legal norms and instruments to promote labor rights but ignores the importance of domestic agents for implementing and defending these rights on the ground. It is often assumed that the existence of a core set of international labor rights can be leveraged by domestic agents to improve or protect national standards, without considering whether domestic advocates, principally trade unions, possess the capacity or will to do so.

This paper looks at the role of international pressure and union strength in assessing the extent to which labor movements have promoted or effectively defended labor rights during periods of widespread labor law reform in Latin America in the 1990s. The paper concludes with the implications of these Latin American developments for the contemporary debate on effective promotion of international labor standards.

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Document Type: PDF
Page count: 21
Word count: 10414
Text sample:
INTERNATIONAL LABOR STANDARDS AND DOMESTIC LABOR ADVOCATES: THE POLITICS OF LABOR RIGHTS IN LATIN AMERICA MARIA LORENA COOK School of Industrial and Labor Relations 287B Ives Hall Cornell University Ithaca NY 14853 MLC13@cornell.edu Paper prepared for the meetings of the American Political Science Association Washington D.C. September 1-4 2005 INTERNATIONAL LABOR STANDARDS AND DOMESTIC LABOR ADVOCATES: THE POLITICS OF LABOR RIGHTS IN LATIN AMERICA1 MARIA LORENA COOK School of Industrial and Labor Relations Cornell University INTRODUCTION International labor rights
and Contentious Politics New York: Cambridge University Press. Tarrow S. (2003) ‘The New Transnational Contention: Social Movements and Institutions in Complex Internationalism’ unpublished ms. Cornell University Ithaca NY. Teichman J.A. (2001) The Politics of Freeing Markets in Latin America: Chile Argentina and Mexico Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Thacker S.C. (2000) Big Business the State and Free Trade: Constructing Coalitions in Mexico New York: Cambridge University Press. U.S. Department of State Bureau of Democracy Human Rights


Similar Titles:
International Labor Standards and Domestic Labor Advocates: Unions, Labor Reform, and Workers' Rights in Latin America

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