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The Operational Codes of Four Generations of Chinese Leaders: Is China a Revisionist Power?

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Abstract:

This paper examines the beliefs of four Chinese leaders, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, using operational code analysis. The belief systems of these leaders reflected in their particular perspectives towards security concerns as seen from their public speeches is an interesting way to examine Chinese foreign policy making and practice, thereby providing some understanding of the kind of power China will become and the possible Chinese actions and reactions in some regional hot spots. China is a rising power, and general international relations theory predicts that rising powers are doomed to clash with the hegemon or the declining power. However, besides material power a state’s motivations and intentions also matter in its foreign policy decision-making. Therefore, when assessing whether China will become a stabilizing or a destructive force in regional security affairs, intentions as reflected in a state leader’s beliefs are important in predicting state behavior. The findings in this paper suggest that Chinese leaders’ cultural underpinnings are defensive. Therefore, despite the power changes, China may not initiate conflicts under most conditions.

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leader (194), p (173), belief (144), china (118), 1 (114), chines (101), mao (101), deng (90), state (82), power (78), polit (77), jiang (74), 4 (70), hu (68), differ (63), intern (63), code (62), crisi (62), oper (60), war (56), decis (53),

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China, Operational Code, Beliefs
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Name: American Political Science Association
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Feng, Huiyun. "The Operational Codes of Four Generations of Chinese Leaders: Is China a Revisionist Power?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Sep 01, 2005 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p40740_index.html>

APA Citation:

Feng, H. , 2005-09-01 "The Operational Codes of Four Generations of Chinese Leaders: Is China a Revisionist Power?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p40740_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the beliefs of four Chinese leaders, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, using operational code analysis. The belief systems of these leaders reflected in their particular perspectives towards security concerns as seen from their public speeches is an interesting way to examine Chinese foreign policy making and practice, thereby providing some understanding of the kind of power China will become and the possible Chinese actions and reactions in some regional hot spots. China is a rising power, and general international relations theory predicts that rising powers are doomed to clash with the hegemon or the declining power. However, besides material power a state’s motivations and intentions also matter in its foreign policy decision-making. Therefore, when assessing whether China will become a stabilizing or a destructive force in regional security affairs, intentions as reflected in a state leader’s beliefs are important in predicting state behavior. The findings in this paper suggest that Chinese leaders’ cultural underpinnings are defensive. Therefore, despite the power changes, China may not initiate conflicts under most conditions.

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Page count: 37
Word count: 13935
Text sample:
The Operational Codes of Four Generations of Chinese Leaders: Is China a Revisionist Power? ABSTRACT This paper examines the beliefs of four Chinese leaders Mao Zedong Deng Xiaoping Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao using operational code analysis. The belief systems of these leaders reflected in their particular perspectives towards security concerns as seen from their public speeches is an interesting way to examine Chinese foreign policy making and practice thereby providing some understanding of the kind of power China
“What is most distinctive about the fourth generation of leaders is their own diversity rather than their differences from previous generations ” “in terms of political solidarity educational background career path and policy preferences.” Cheng Li. (2001: 217). 34 Jervis defines a security dilemma as a situation in which any state's efforts to increase its security necessarily decreases the security of others. In this situation one side's efforts to reduce its insecurity through an arms build-up or through the


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