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Speak Loudly and Carry a Big Stick: Threat Effectiveness and Economic Sanctions

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Abstract:

Threats are ubiquitous in social life. States threaten other states with military, economic, or political harm in attempts to achieve favorable international outcomes; governments threaten would-be criminals with fines and imprisonment in their efforts to assure the security of the persons and property of their citizenry; employers threaten employees with loss of employment to induce good performance; and, parents threaten children with punishment to motivate good behavior. Frequently, these threats are made quite explicit—George Bush’s threat to use military force if Iraq did not remove its forces from Kuwait is an obvious example—but, often, these threats are tacit. We cannot recall any recent American president explicitly threatening to use military force against Canada; but it is certain that the Canadian government understands that would be the response were they to invade and occupy North Dakota. Many times, threats do influence the behavior of the actors at whom they are directed. Other times, they are not so effective.

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threat (176), cost (73), target (66), effect (64), threaten (56), sanction (49), demand (47), issu (46), econom (38), case (34), variabl (34), punish (32), sender (32), involv (29), credibl (27), would (27), data (26), tabl (24), 100 (24), work (23), sever (23),
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Name: American Political Science Association
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http://www.apsanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Morgan, T.. and Anac, Sezi. "Speak Loudly and Carry a Big Stick: Threat Effectiveness and Economic Sanctions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Sep 02, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p60130_index.html>

APA Citation:

Morgan, T. C. and Anac, S. , 2004-09-02 "Speak Loudly and Carry a Big Stick: Threat Effectiveness and Economic Sanctions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p60130_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Threats are ubiquitous in social life. States threaten other states with military, economic, or political harm in attempts to achieve favorable international outcomes; governments threaten would-be criminals with fines and imprisonment in their efforts to assure the security of the persons and property of their citizenry; employers threaten employees with loss of employment to induce good performance; and, parents threaten children with punishment to motivate good behavior. Frequently, these threats are made quite explicit—George Bush’s threat to use military force if Iraq did not remove its forces from Kuwait is an obvious example—but, often, these threats are tacit. We cannot recall any recent American president explicitly threatening to use military force against Canada; but it is certain that the Canadian government understands that would be the response were they to invade and occupy North Dakota. Many times, threats do influence the behavior of the actors at whom they are directed. Other times, they are not so effective.

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Associated Document Available American Political Science Association
Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 26
Word count: 6976
Text sample:
Speak Loudly and Carry a Big Stick: Threat Effectiveness and Economic Sanctions T. Clifton Morgan Sezi Anac Department of Political Science MS 24 Rice University PO Box 1892 Houston TX 77251 morgan@rice.edu sezianac@rice.edu August 2004 Prepared for delivery at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Chicago IL September 1-5 2004. Speak Loudly and Carry a Big Stick: Threat Effectiveness and Economic Sanctions Threats are ubiquitous in social life. States threaten other states with military economic or
Severe 2 (100) 0 (0) 2 (100) Total 153 67 220 Row Percentages in Parantheses Chi2 (1)= 0.1830 Prob >chi2 = 0.669 TABLE 10. THREAT IDENTITY AND EFFECTIVENESS Not Effective Effective Total Bureaucracy 45 (83.3) 9 (16.7) 54 (100) Anticipated Sender Legislature 48 (77.4) 14 (22.6) 62 (100) Economic Costs Executive 24 (75.0) 8 (25.0) 32 (100) Total 117 31 148 Row Percentages in Parantheses Chi2 (1)= 1.1493 Prob >chi2 = 0.563 25


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