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What Went Wrong with South-Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreements?: Implications to Regional Economic Integration in East Asia

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Abstract:

This paper analyzes how the external shocks and institutional changes in domestic politics affected the political feasibility of the 2004 Korea-Chile Free Trade agreement (FTA). It suggests that the political feasibility of FTA initiatives can be best understood within the framework of domestic negotiations between the state and societal interest groups in which the state chooses between national security card and side-payments as predominant bargaining tactics. The 1997 Asian financial crisis created favorable conditions for the Korean leadership to cast the issue of economic liberalization as essentially a national security concern. As the effect of the financial crisis dissipated and the institutional changes in domestic politics lessened the traditional party discipline, the Korean government’s ability to manipulate the issue-redefinition tactic was greatly undermined. As a result, the later phase of Korea-Chile FTA negotiation became paralyzed under the pressure of agricultural coalitions and side-payments replaced the issue-redefinition as a prominent tactic to pass the free trade bill for ratification. The implications of the Korea-Chile FTA suggests a number of impediments lying ahead for the regional FTAs will be effectively negotiated, ratified, and implemented. The trends toward full-fledged region-building require sophisticated political engineering and extraordinary circumstances.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

korea (161), fta (152), 0 (127), 1 (119), region (114), econom (100), 2 (99), trade (98), 5 (95), 4 (90), 3 (89), polit (88), 9 (84), chile (80), 6 (75), 7 (71), 8 (65), negoti (65), japan (62), 2003 (62), south (58),

Author's Keywords:

free trade agreement, domestic bargaining, Korean politics, regionalism in East Asia
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MLA Citation:

Jung, Heon Joo. and Bong, Youngshik. "What Went Wrong with South-Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreements?: Implications to Regional Economic Integration in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Sep 02, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p61778_index.html>

APA Citation:

Jung, H. and Bong, Y. , 2004-09-02 "What Went Wrong with South-Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreements?: Implications to Regional Economic Integration in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p61778_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper analyzes how the external shocks and institutional changes in domestic politics affected the political feasibility of the 2004 Korea-Chile Free Trade agreement (FTA). It suggests that the political feasibility of FTA initiatives can be best understood within the framework of domestic negotiations between the state and societal interest groups in which the state chooses between national security card and side-payments as predominant bargaining tactics. The 1997 Asian financial crisis created favorable conditions for the Korean leadership to cast the issue of economic liberalization as essentially a national security concern. As the effect of the financial crisis dissipated and the institutional changes in domestic politics lessened the traditional party discipline, the Korean government’s ability to manipulate the issue-redefinition tactic was greatly undermined. As a result, the later phase of Korea-Chile FTA negotiation became paralyzed under the pressure of agricultural coalitions and side-payments replaced the issue-redefinition as a prominent tactic to pass the free trade bill for ratification. The implications of the Korea-Chile FTA suggests a number of impediments lying ahead for the regional FTAs will be effectively negotiated, ratified, and implemented. The trends toward full-fledged region-building require sophisticated political engineering and extraordinary circumstances.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 40
Word count: 12445
Text sample:
Association of Korean Political Studies Panel 1: Korea and Regional Politics What Went Wrong with South Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreement?: Implications to Regional Economic Integration in East Asia. Abstract This paper analyzes how the external shocks and institutional changes in domestic politics affected the political feasibility of the 2004 Korea-Chile Free Trade agreement (FTA). It suggests that the political feasibility of FTA initiatives can be best understood within the framework of domestic negotiations between the state and societal interest
large large medium medium medium medium medium large small RELATIONS OTHER ECONOMIC FACTORS large large medium medium medium medium medium small small RESTRUCTUR- I NG large large medium small small small small large large AGGREGATE IMPACT Source: Samsung Economic Research Institute (SERI) (2003 69). 38 i M qS rTj m{h 39


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