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FREEDOM AND DEMOCRATIZATION:WHY BASIC INCOME IS TO BE PREFERRED TO BASIC CAPITAl

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Abstract:

Most discussions of a basic income or a stake have little to say about democracy. A "basic income" is a regular sum paid by a government to individuals over an adult life-time; "basic capital" is a one-time grant from a government to individuals at, say, age 21. In both cases the payment is unconditional. If democratization, freedom as self-government, and women's freedom are the focus, then a basic income is to be preferred to a stake. This is because a basic income, at a level sufficient for a modest but decent standard of life, has the potential to break the link between income, marriage, employment and citizenship. Feminist objections to a basic income are considered. Basic income is compared to universal suffrage and discussed as a fundamental or a democratic right.
In the two best known discussions, by Van Parijs, Freedom For All, and Ackerman and Alstott, The Stakkeholding Society, a conception of freedom as opportunity hinders an appreciation of the mutual reinforcement of the institutions of marriage and employment. In Van Parijs' case use of neo-classical economic theory makes it impossible to analyze institutional structures. Freedom as opportunity brings the problem of paternalism to the fore. From a perspective of democratization and self-government the problem is rather how the necessary security can be furnished to enable women and men alike, at any time in their lives, to enjoy citizenship of equal worth and full standing, and participate when they wish in the life of their society.

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basic (132), incom (113), freedom (99), individu (94), citizen (55), capit (48), democrat (47), citizenship (44), polit (42), right (41), employ (37), would (36), women (35), alstott (33), ackerman (31), van (31), econom (30), parij (30), stake (30), one (29), social (29),

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Keywords: basic income, basic capital, stakeholding, stake, democracy, feminism
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Pateman, Carole. "FREEDOM AND DEMOCRATIZATION:WHY BASIC INCOME IS TO BE PREFERRED TO BASIC CAPITAl" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p64981_index.html>

APA Citation:

Pateman, C. , 2002-08-28 "FREEDOM AND DEMOCRATIZATION:WHY BASIC INCOME IS TO BE PREFERRED TO BASIC CAPITAl" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p64981_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Most discussions of a basic income or a stake have little to say about democracy. A "basic income" is a regular sum paid by a government to individuals over an adult life-time; "basic capital" is a one-time grant from a government to individuals at, say, age 21. In both cases the payment is unconditional. If democratization, freedom as self-government, and women's freedom are the focus, then a basic income is to be preferred to a stake. This is because a basic income, at a level sufficient for a modest but decent standard of life, has the potential to break the link between income, marriage, employment and citizenship. Feminist objections to a basic income are considered. Basic income is compared to universal suffrage and discussed as a fundamental or a democratic right.
In the two best known discussions, by Van Parijs, Freedom For All, and Ackerman and Alstott, The Stakkeholding Society, a conception of freedom as opportunity hinders an appreciation of the mutual reinforcement of the institutions of marriage and employment. In Van Parijs' case use of neo-classical economic theory makes it impossible to analyze institutional structures. Freedom as opportunity brings the problem of paternalism to the fore. From a perspective of democratization and self-government the problem is rather how the necessary security can be furnished to enable women and men alike, at any time in their lives, to enjoy citizenship of equal worth and full standing, and participate when they wish in the life of their society.

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Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 31
Word count: 8487
Text sample:
FREEDOM AND DEMOCRATIZATION: WHYBASIC INCOME IS TO BE PREFERRED TO BASICCAPITAl Carole Pateman Department of Political Science University of California Los Angeles Paper Presented At the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Boston 2002 To be published in The Ethics of Stakeholding (eds) Keith Dowding Jurgen De Wispelaere and Stuart White Palgrove London and New York. 2 Freedom and Democratization: Why Basic Income is to be Preferred to Basic Capital Carole Pateman Despite the popularity of
(1919) A Reasonable Revolution London : George Allen & Unwin Ltd. Robeyns Ingrid. 2001. "Will a Basic Income do Justice to Women?" Analyse & Kritik. 1 2001 Shue Henry. (1996) Basic Rights: Subsistence Affluence and U. S. Foreign Policy Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press 1980. Van Parijs Philippe. (1995) Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism? Oxford Clarendon Press. Waldron Jeremy. (1993) Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 19811991 Cambridge Cambridge University Press. Wollstonecraft Mary. (1993) ``A Vindication


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