Citation

Ethnic Structure and Cultural Diversity around the World: A Cross-National Data Set on Ethnic Groups

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Get this Document | Similar Titles




STOP!

You can now view the document associated with this citation by clicking on the "View Document as HTML" link below.

View Document as HTML:
Click here to view the document

Abstract:

Development economists have recently focused on ethnic diversity, or "fractionalization," as a possible cause of corruption, political instability, and poor economic performance. Political scientists have argued for years over possible links between ethnic diversity (or structure) and civil violence, democratic stability, and party systems. For its empirical evaluation in a cross-national setting, all such research requires data on ethnic groups across countries. This paper tries to do a better job of conceptually grounding, operationalizing, and constructing a list of ethnic groups across countries than is currently available. After addressing conceptual and practical problems involved in enumerating "ethnic groups," I present a list of 820 ethnic groups in 160 countries that made up at least 1% of country population in the early 1990s. I compare a measure of ethnic fractionalization based on this list with the commonly used fractionalization measure based on the Atlas Narodov Mir (1964). Finally, I construct an index of cultural fractionalization that uses the structural distance between languages as a proxy for the cultural distance between groups in a country. This latter measure may be more appropriate when testing hypotheses that assume that ethnic groups "matter" because they have diverse preferences and cultural differences that pose obstacles to cooperation.
Check author's web site for an updated version of the paper.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

group (255), ethnic (248), countri (147), measur (72), fraction (67), list (66), 1 (63), languag (56), use (56), di (51), cultur (50), polit (49), divers (45), popul (40), code (37), data (36), level (35), structur (35), share (32), major (32), 2 (30),

Author's Keywords:

Keywords: ethnic fractionalization, ethnic groups, ethnic structures, cultural diversity
Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: American Political Science Association
URL:
http://www.apsanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65320_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Fearon, James. "Ethnic Structure and Cultural Diversity around the World: A Cross-National Data Set on Ethnic Groups" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65320_index.html>

APA Citation:

Fearon, J. D. , 2002-08-28 "Ethnic Structure and Cultural Diversity around the World: A Cross-National Data Set on Ethnic Groups" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65320_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Development economists have recently focused on ethnic diversity, or "fractionalization," as a possible cause of corruption, political instability, and poor economic performance. Political scientists have argued for years over possible links between ethnic diversity (or structure) and civil violence, democratic stability, and party systems. For its empirical evaluation in a cross-national setting, all such research requires data on ethnic groups across countries. This paper tries to do a better job of conceptually grounding, operationalizing, and constructing a list of ethnic groups across countries than is currently available. After addressing conceptual and practical problems involved in enumerating "ethnic groups," I present a list of 820 ethnic groups in 160 countries that made up at least 1% of country population in the early 1990s. I compare a measure of ethnic fractionalization based on this list with the commonly used fractionalization measure based on the Atlas Narodov Mir (1964). Finally, I construct an index of cultural fractionalization that uses the structural distance between languages as a proxy for the cultural distance between groups in a country. This latter measure may be more appropriate when testing hypotheses that assume that ethnic groups "matter" because they have diverse preferences and cultural differences that pose obstacles to cooperation.
Check author's web site for an updated version of the paper.

Get this Document:

Find this citation or document at one or all of these locations below. The links below may have the citation or the entire document for free or you may purchase access to the document. Clicking on these links will change the site you're on and empty your shopping cart.

Abstract Only All Academic Inc.
Associated Document Available American Political Science Association
Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 33
Word count: 12324
Text sample:
Ethnic Structure and Cultural Diversity around the World: A Cross­National Data Set on Ethnic Groups # James D. Fearon Department of Political Science Stanford University Stanford CA 94305­6044 August 11 2002 Abstract Development economists have recently focused on ethnic diversity or ``fractionaliza­ tion '' as a possible cause of corruption political instability and poor economic per­ formance. Political scientists have argued for years over possible links between ethnic diversity (or structure) and civil violence democratic stability and party systems.
BELA ARM GEO AZE TURKM TAJ KYR UZB KAZ EE/FSU 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 AFG CHIN MON TAI N.K S.K INDI BHU PAK BAN BURM SRL NEP THA CAMB LAO VIE MALAY SIN PHI INDO FIJ 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 Asia CYP MOR ALG TUN LIBY IRAN TURKE IRAQ EGY SYR LEB JOR ISR SAA YEM KUW BAH U.A OMA 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 NA/ME GUB GAM MALI SEN BEN MAURITA


Similar Titles:
Do economic, political and cultural differentials between different ethnic groups in a country cause protest, rebellion and communal conflict along ethnic lines?

Group Structure and Ethnic Political Mobilization


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.