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A Divided Green: European Green Movements, Green Parties, and the European Parliament

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Abstract:

This paper examines national green party success in European Parliament elections from 1979 to 1994 in five countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and the U.K. The results among the group of national parties, even considering structural/electoral constraints, have been uneven. This disparity of results raises a key question: Given the strong support for the green movement in many European countries, why have some national green parties been able to succeed in winning a relatively large share of national votes in European Parliamentary elections, while other national green parties have been markedly less successful? This paper argues that an answer to this question lies in the relationship between social movement and party, specifically in the character and management of the conflict that accompanies the transition from social movement to organized political party. The significance of green party conflict is examined via regression analysis of levels of internal party factionalism and national vote percentages. Internal party dynamics offer a contributory explanation to political opportunity structures, resource mobilization, participation-compensation, social cleavage, and electoral system explanations for green party success.

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green (255), parti (255), movement (119), polit (107), european (105), nation (96), conflict (88), elect (79), faction (78), vote (75), fundi (70), realo (70), elector (68), success (67), state (60), social (58), one (58), resourc (49), new (49), marshal (47), belgium (43),

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Keywords: European Parliament, green party, green movement, environment, European Union, political parties, social movements
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MLA Citation:

Marshall, Kate. "A Divided Green: European Green Movements, Green Parties, and the European Parliament" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2009-05-27 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65460_index.html>

APA Citation:

Marshall, K. E. , 2002-08-28 "A Divided Green: European Green Movements, Green Parties, and the European Parliament" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-27 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65460_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines national green party success in European Parliament elections from 1979 to 1994 in five countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and the U.K. The results among the group of national parties, even considering structural/electoral constraints, have been uneven. This disparity of results raises a key question: Given the strong support for the green movement in many European countries, why have some national green parties been able to succeed in winning a relatively large share of national votes in European Parliamentary elections, while other national green parties have been markedly less successful? This paper argues that an answer to this question lies in the relationship between social movement and party, specifically in the character and management of the conflict that accompanies the transition from social movement to organized political party. The significance of green party conflict is examined via regression analysis of levels of internal party factionalism and national vote percentages. Internal party dynamics offer a contributory explanation to political opportunity structures, resource mobilization, participation-compensation, social cleavage, and electoral system explanations for green party success.

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Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 47
Word count: 14449
Text sample:
A Divided Green: European Green Movements Green Parties and the European Parliament Kate E. Marshall University of Washington kem@u.washington.edu Box 353530 101 Gowen Hall Seattle WA 98195 This paper examines national green party success in European Parliament elections from 1979 to 1994 in five countries: Belgium France Germany Italy and the U.K. The results among the group of national parties even considering structural/electoral constraints have been uneven. This disparity of results raises a key question: Given the strong support
12(1) 33­46. Rüdig Wolfgang. (1990). Explaining Green Party Development: Reflections on a Theoretical Framework. Strathclyde Papers on Government and Politics No. 71. Department of Government University of Strathclyde: Glasgow Scotland U.K. Sartori Giovanni . (1976). Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press. Tarrow Sidney. (1999). Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics (2 nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. Tilly Charles. (1995). To Explain Political Processes. American Journal of Sociology 100(6)


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