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Dead to the World: Involuntary Death of Modern States

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Abstract:

Scholars in the International Relations assume that state death is rare without defining what they mean by state death and without empirical evidence. This paper presents a theory of involuntary state death. I explain the process of how involuntary death occurs. I argue that involuntary death occurs when there is a breakdown in bargaining process. I test the hypothesis of ??survival of the fittest?? and find that stronger states are not necessarily more likely to survive than weaker states. I also account for the variation of the number of great power death and small states death over the time span of 1816 to 1990. Employing a structural explanation based on the changes in the distribution of power in the international system, I argue that both great powers and small states are more likely to die when there is a potential hegemon among great powers (in other words, unbalanced power distribution), and only small states are likely to die when the distribution of power is balanced among great powers. Results from my study indicate that power does not necessarily guarantee state survival in the international system. The distribution of power in the international system matters for state survival with different implications for great powers and small states regarding the issue of survival.

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state (255), power (162), great (106), death (84), intern (65), small (62), war (58), system (48), die (44), like (39), territori (36), surviv (33), period (33), forc (28), use (27), distribut (21), involuntari (21), relat (20), 1990 (20), occur (20), involuntarili (18),

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Keywords: state death, involuntary death, death rate of states, involuntary death of states
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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Park, Ji. "Dead to the World: Involuntary Death of Modern States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65560_index.html>

APA Citation:

Park, J. W. , 2002-08-28 "Dead to the World: Involuntary Death of Modern States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p65560_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Scholars in the International Relations assume that state death is rare without defining what they mean by state death and without empirical evidence. This paper presents a theory of involuntary state death. I explain the process of how involuntary death occurs. I argue that involuntary death occurs when there is a breakdown in bargaining process. I test the hypothesis of ??survival of the fittest?? and find that stronger states are not necessarily more likely to survive than weaker states. I also account for the variation of the number of great power death and small states death over the time span of 1816 to 1990. Employing a structural explanation based on the changes in the distribution of power in the international system, I argue that both great powers and small states are more likely to die when there is a potential hegemon among great powers (in other words, unbalanced power distribution), and only small states are likely to die when the distribution of power is balanced among great powers. Results from my study indicate that power does not necessarily guarantee state survival in the international system. The distribution of power in the international system matters for state survival with different implications for great powers and small states regarding the issue of survival.

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Associated Document Available American Political Science Association
Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 26
Word count: 6710
Text sample:
Dead to the World: The Involuntary Death of Modern States "Prepared for delivery at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association August 29 ­ September 1 2002. Copyright by the American Political Science Association." Draft. Comments welcome. Do not cite without permission. Ji Won Park The University of Chicago g1park@yahoo.com or precious@uchicago.edu Dead to the World: The Involuntary Death of Modern States Ji Won Park The University of Chicago Under what conditions are states more likely
1816­1965. New York Wiley. Singer J. David and Melvin Small. (1982). Resort to Arms. Beverly Hills Sage. Stein Arthur A. (1990). Why Nations Cooperate: Circumstances and Choice in International Relations. Ithaca Cornell University Press. Strang D. (1991). ``Anomaly and Commonplace in European Political Expansion: Realist Institutionalist Accounts.'' International Organization. Waltz Kenneth N. (1979). Theory of International Politics. New York Mcgraw­Hill. Weber Max. (1968). Economy and Society. Berkeley University of California Press. Wendt Alexander (1999). Social Theory of International Politics.


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