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Electoral Institutions and Voter Participation: The Effect of Felon Disfranchisement Laws on Voter Turnout in the U.S. Southern States, 1984-2000

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Abstract:

Some of the scholarly conventional wisdom regarding voter turnout and participation, especially in the U.S. South, has been that race and ethnic background can be important predictors of turnout. However, the disproportional effect of felon and ex-felon disfranchisement laws on racial/ethnic minorities in some states suggests that the effects of race on aggregate voter turnout will be underestimated unless these laws are also considered. This electoral institution-the disfranchisement of felons and ex-felons-is an important omitted variable in models of state-level aggregate voter turnout, which might result in biased inferences pertaining to minority citizens' level of participation, especially in recent elections. Looking at statewide elections in the U.S. South from 1984-2000, we hypothesize that this electoral institution helps explain lower levels of voter turnout in states with high rates of felon disfranchisement. We also demonstrate, once felon disfranchisement is controlled for, that southern states with high minority populations will have higher levels of turnout in recent elections where minority voter mobilization has been on the rise.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

felon (191), state (150), disfranchis (147), elect (111), turnout (106), vote (97), voter (71), minor (61), ex (58), variabl (52), 2000 (50), year (37), popul (35), polit (34), south (31), presidenti (30), rate (30), model (30), law (30), yes (28), percentag (28),

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Keywords: Voting rights, turnout, race, voting behavior, electoral institutions, south, felons, disfranchisement, representation, elections
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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Grose, Christian. and Yoshinaka, Antoine. "Electoral Institutions and Voter Participation: The Effect of Felon Disfranchisement Laws on Voter Turnout in the U.S. Southern States, 1984-2000" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p66140_index.html>

APA Citation:

Grose, C. R. and Yoshinaka, A. , 2002-08-28 "Electoral Institutions and Voter Participation: The Effect of Felon Disfranchisement Laws on Voter Turnout in the U.S. Southern States, 1984-2000" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p66140_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Some of the scholarly conventional wisdom regarding voter turnout and participation, especially in the U.S. South, has been that race and ethnic background can be important predictors of turnout. However, the disproportional effect of felon and ex-felon disfranchisement laws on racial/ethnic minorities in some states suggests that the effects of race on aggregate voter turnout will be underestimated unless these laws are also considered. This electoral institution-the disfranchisement of felons and ex-felons-is an important omitted variable in models of state-level aggregate voter turnout, which might result in biased inferences pertaining to minority citizens' level of participation, especially in recent elections. Looking at statewide elections in the U.S. South from 1984-2000, we hypothesize that this electoral institution helps explain lower levels of voter turnout in states with high rates of felon disfranchisement. We also demonstrate, once felon disfranchisement is controlled for, that southern states with high minority populations will have higher levels of turnout in recent elections where minority voter mobilization has been on the rise.

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Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 27
Word count: 7551
Text sample:
Electoral Institutions and Voter Participation: The Effect of Felon Disfranchisement Laws on Voter Turnout in the U.S. Southern States 1984­2000 * Christian R. Grose Lawrence University cngr@troi.cc.rochester.edu Antoine Yoshinaka University of Rochester anty@troi.cc.rochester.edu Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the AmericanPolitical Science Association August 29­September 1 2002 Boston MA. Abstract: Some of the scholarly conventional wisdom regarding voter turnout and participation especially in the U.S. South has been that race and ethnic background can be important predictors of
of election votes of 2 nd place finisher in state (source: America Votes 1984­ 98; FEC 2000). Gubernatorial election X Dummy variable: 1=Presence of both gubernatorial and presidential election presidential elections that year in state; 0=all other years. Senate election X Dummy variable: 1=Presence of both senate and presidential presidential election elections that year in state; 0=all other years. Closing of registration Number of days before election day that voter can register. Coded date 0 if election day registration


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