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NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms, and Sinks

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Abstract:

This article explores the influence of environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the design of the climate compliance regime and how they work to promote climate performance among both Parties and non-Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. NGOs won acceptance for the dual approach to compliance, with both a facilitative and an enforcement branch, a strong enforcement mechanism, and potentially significant scope for NGO participation in enforcement branch deliberations. A few advisory NGOs seem to have influenced the design of the compliance regime, but it is less certain what their influence would have been without the US coming up with essentially the same approach. NGO influence on the interpretation of sinks and the design of the flexibility mechanisms, issues closely related to the compliance regime, has been very modest. With regard to enhancing future compliance, it is shown that NGOs are likely to use both instruments in the compliance system and options outside of the Kyoto regime.

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ngos (154), complianc (120), climat (80), negoti (64), influenc (62), environment (58), ngo (54), intern (49), us (48), kyoto (48), 2002 (41), protocol (41), issu (41), group (39), chang (39), mechan (36), emiss (36), polit (35), may (35), parti (34), sink (33),
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Name: International Studies Association
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MLA Citation:

Gulbrandsen, Lars. and Andresen, Steinar. "NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms, and Sinks" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p69629_index.html>

APA Citation:

Gulbrandsen, L. H. and Andresen, S. E. , 2005-03-05 "NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms, and Sinks" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p69629_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article explores the influence of environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on the design of the climate compliance regime and how they work to promote climate performance among both Parties and non-Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. NGOs won acceptance for the dual approach to compliance, with both a facilitative and an enforcement branch, a strong enforcement mechanism, and potentially significant scope for NGO participation in enforcement branch deliberations. A few advisory NGOs seem to have influenced the design of the compliance regime, but it is less certain what their influence would have been without the US coming up with essentially the same approach. NGO influence on the interpretation of sinks and the design of the flexibility mechanisms, issues closely related to the compliance regime, has been very modest. With regard to enhancing future compliance, it is shown that NGOs are likely to use both instruments in the compliance system and options outside of the Kyoto regime.

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Associated Document Available Political Research Online
Associated Document Available International Studies Association

Document Type: .pdf
Page count: 20
Word count: 10175
Text sample:
NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance Flexibility Mechanisms and Sinks Lars H. Gulbrandsen Research Fellow The Fridtjof Nansen Institute Norway lars.gulbrandsen@fni.no Steinar Andresen University of Oslo Department of political science Norway steinar.andresen@fni.no Paper prepared for presentation at the 46th International Studies Association Convention Hawaii 2≠5 March 2005. The authors would like to thank Jon Hovi Ronald B. Mitchell Jon Birger Skjśrseth Tora Skodvin Olav Schram Stokke Geir Ulfstein Jacob Werksman Glenn Wiser and three unknown
Glenn. 1999. Compliance Systems under Multilateral Agreements. A Survey for the Benefit of Kyoto Protocol Policy Makers. (CC99-2). Washington D.C.: The Center for International Environmental Law. _____. 2001. Kyoto Costs and Compliance: A Public Interest Lawyer's View of COP6. Washington D.C.: The Center for International Environmental Law. World Wildlife Fund (WWF). 2002. WWF Launches Ratification Campaign for Kyoto Climate Treaty. Press Release February 7. Available at: http://www.panda.org. Young Oran. 1991. Political Leadership and Regime Formation: On the Development of


Similar Titles:
The International Law and Politics of Climate Change: Ratification of the United Nations Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol

The Political Economy of Climate Change Policy: Did States Defend Their Material Interests When Negotiating the Kyoto Protocol?


 
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