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United We Stand? EU Counter-Terrorism Initiatives Meet A Small Member State's Security Community
Unformatted Document Text:  Michael Mulqueen: Panel SB 36, Small States and the ESDP 3 main, the results of gradual evolution. 12 But, while HI assumes incremental change as the norm, it can also account for occasional moments of significant transformation,known as critical junctures. 13 Events external to existing institutions occur at a particular time and order of sequence to trigger a reaction, which may ultimatelyresult in moves to a new trajectory, or pathway. Tempering the likelihood of suchfundamental changes are the positive feedback mechanisms that reinforce therecurrence of a predominant pattern. Hence, the policy process is frequently characterised by a powerful inertial “stickiness”. 14 Separating critical moments that prompt only evolution from critical junctures that activate organic change is of greatimportance to HI investigations. HI is not without its rivals within the broader institutional family. 15 But, it offers to this investigation the means to unravel path dependent patterns in the responses ofIrish national security actors, and to analyse what power interests have beenprivileged or demobilised over time. Critical junctures can be isolated and their lineage to the pressures applied on the agencies, assessed. The model employed here has been used to investigate British Governmental agencyadaptation to participation in the European Economic Community. 16 There are some important differences – and key similarities - between that investigation and this. Inthe British case, the model was used to examine institutions, as they developed overtime, and the findings applied to a question of Europeanisation. The chief concern ofthis investigation is not Europeanisation, but how the institutions of Irish agencieswill colour Irish and EU security efforts. However, that does not diminish the essential reason for employing the model: it’s utility as a means to assess institutionsat play in Governmental machinery and within a European context. The agencies areassessed along four gradations: formal institutional structure, processes andprocedures, codes and guidelines and finally, the cultural dimension. At the formallevel are considered constitutional-legal rules, formal organisations and positions.Processes and procedures facilitate the day-to-day functioning of the institutions andgovern the network of relations. At the level of codes and guidelines are found theconventions for handling business. Finally, there is the cultural dimension, whichrelates to norms, values and identities that are constructed around individualinstitutions, and on a micro level, within organisations. Irish national security: implementation actors The Garda Síochána is both Ireland’s police force and the home of the State’sprincipal security agency, which is known as Crime and Security Branch (CSB), andformerly known as C3. 17 Its personnel are Garda detectives, transferred from policing duties. CSB is calibrated primarily as an internal security service. It is headquartered 12 Pierson and Skocpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’, p. 709. 13 Simon Bulmer and Martin Burch, ‘Organizing for Europe: Whitehall, The British State and European Union’, Public Administration, Vol. 76, Winter 1998, p. 605. 14 Pierson and Skockpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’, pp. 701, 702. 15 Hall & Taylor, ‘Political Science’. Pierson and Skocpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’. 16 Bulmer and Burch, ‘Organizing for Europe’, pp. 601-628. 17 The title An Garda Síochána (The Guardians of the Peace) can be shortened to An Garda, or the Garda. Members (plural) of the Garda are termed gardaí, i.e. three gardaí ran down the road. (pron.gar-dee). Different rules apply in the singular, i.e. Garda Jane Smith ran down the road (capitalisation),or ‘A garda ran down the road’ (no capitalisation).

Authors: Mulqueen, Michael.
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background image
Michael Mulqueen: Panel SB 36, Small States and the ESDP
3
main, the results of gradual evolution.
12
But, while HI assumes incremental change as
the norm, it can also account for occasional moments of significant transformation,
known as critical junctures.
13
Events external to existing institutions occur at a
particular time and order of sequence to trigger a reaction, which may ultimately
result in moves to a new trajectory, or pathway. Tempering the likelihood of such
fundamental changes are the positive feedback mechanisms that reinforce the
recurrence of a predominant pattern.
Hence, the policy process is frequently
characterised by a powerful inertial “stickiness”.
14
Separating critical moments that
prompt only evolution from critical junctures that activate organic change is of great
importance to HI investigations.
HI is not without its rivals within the broader institutional family.
15
But, it offers to
this investigation the means to unravel path dependent patterns in the responses of
Irish national security actors, and to analyse what power interests have been
privileged or demobilised over time.
Critical junctures can be isolated and their
lineage to the pressures applied on the agencies, assessed.
The model employed here has been used to investigate British Governmental agency
adaptation to participation in the European Economic Community.
16
There are some
important differences – and key similarities - between that investigation and this. In
the British case, the model was used to examine institutions, as they developed over
time, and the findings applied to a question of Europeanisation. The chief concern of
this investigation is not Europeanisation, but how the institutions of Irish agencies
will colour Irish and EU security efforts.
However, that does not diminish the
essential reason for employing the model: it’s utility as a means to assess institutions
at play in Governmental machinery and within a European context. The agencies are
assessed along four gradations: formal institutional structure, processes and
procedures, codes and guidelines and finally, the cultural dimension. At the formal
level are considered constitutional-legal rules, formal organisations and positions.
Processes and procedures facilitate the day-to-day functioning of the institutions and
govern the network of relations. At the level of codes and guidelines are found the
conventions for handling business. Finally, there is the cultural dimension, which
relates to norms, values and identities that are constructed around individual
institutions, and on a micro level, within organisations.
Irish national security: implementation actors
The Garda Síochána is both Ireland’s police force and the home of the State’s
principal security agency, which is known as Crime and Security Branch (CSB), and
formerly known as C3.
17
Its personnel are Garda detectives, transferred from policing
duties. CSB is calibrated primarily as an internal security service. It is headquartered
12
Pierson and Skocpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’, p. 709.
13
Simon Bulmer and Martin Burch, ‘Organizing for Europe: Whitehall, The British State and European
Union’, Public Administration, Vol. 76, Winter 1998, p. 605.
14
Pierson and Skockpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’, pp. 701, 702.
15
Hall & Taylor, ‘Political Science’. Pierson and Skocpol, ‘Historical Institutionalism’.
16
Bulmer and Burch, ‘Organizing for Europe’, pp. 601-628.
17
The title An Garda Síochána (The Guardians of the Peace) can be shortened to An Garda, or the
Garda. Members (plural) of the Garda are termed gardaí, i.e. three gardaí ran down the road. (pron.
gar-dee). Different rules apply in the singular, i.e. Garda Jane Smith ran down the road (capitalisation),
or ‘A garda ran down the road’ (no capitalisation).


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