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Trade, Aid, and Regime Coalitions in the Middle East

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Abstract:

Studies of regime endurance in the Middle East have sharpened debate about the importance of exogenous rents (oil, mineral concessions, foreign aid, and the like) to a country’s domestic politics. A growing number of scholars argue that the emphasis on rents is misplaced favoring instead ontogenetic factors relevant to the particular country or region. Other studies find evidence in support of what is termed rentier state arguments and the broader resource curse literature. This paper charts a third course through an explanation of coalition formation and endurance in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a regional paragon of regime endurance. The general claim is that exogenous rents are causal in so far as their effects are embedded within specific socio-historical and institutional variables which shaped the nature of political coalitions supporting a given regime. The strategies of the Hashemite monarchy to form and maintain its ruling coalition have been determined by three variables: the properties of a monarchial regime bequeathed through European rule, regionally influenced violent social conflict, and particular access to rents in the form of trade and foreign aid. Shifting analysis away from simply regime endurance to explain coalition endurance may thus be a more promising dependent variable to push the debate in a new direction.

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jordan (103), state (98), coalit (84), polit (73), regim (63), east (60), aid (58), trade (55), monarchi (52), middl (50), public (38), social (37), jordanian (35), develop (34), palestinian (33), rent (32), elit (31), conflict (30), bank (29), king (28), oil (28),
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Name: International Studies Association
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MLA Citation:

Moore, Pete. "Trade, Aid, and Regime Coalitions in the Middle East" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p71284_index.html>

APA Citation:

Moore, P. W. , 2005-03-05 "Trade, Aid, and Regime Coalitions in the Middle East" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p71284_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Studies of regime endurance in the Middle East have sharpened debate about the importance of exogenous rents (oil, mineral concessions, foreign aid, and the like) to a country’s domestic politics. A growing number of scholars argue that the emphasis on rents is misplaced favoring instead ontogenetic factors relevant to the particular country or region. Other studies find evidence in support of what is termed rentier state arguments and the broader resource curse literature. This paper charts a third course through an explanation of coalition formation and endurance in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a regional paragon of regime endurance. The general claim is that exogenous rents are causal in so far as their effects are embedded within specific socio-historical and institutional variables which shaped the nature of political coalitions supporting a given regime. The strategies of the Hashemite monarchy to form and maintain its ruling coalition have been determined by three variables: the properties of a monarchial regime bequeathed through European rule, regionally influenced violent social conflict, and particular access to rents in the form of trade and foreign aid. Shifting analysis away from simply regime endurance to explain coalition endurance may thus be a more promising dependent variable to push the debate in a new direction.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 28
Word count: 9565
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Trade aid and regime coalitions in the Middle East Pete W. Moore Department of Political Science University of Miami pmoore@miami.edu Abstract: Studies of regime endurance in the Middle East have sharpened debate about the importance of exogenous rents (oil mineral concessions foreign aid and the like) to a country's domestic politics. A growing number of scholars argue that the emphasis on rents is misplaced favoring instead ontogenetic factors relevant to the particular country or region. Other studies find evidence
time (especially given differences in types of rent). For Jordan monarchy as the initial regime type put in place basic limits as well as opportunities in how the Hashemites went about tying the Jordanian population to its own fate. The crucial turn in 1970 coupled with demographic changes forced a change in strategies at precisely the time the rent boom took place. Future research which is sensitive to both the similarities of rent dependency and the conditions of its


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