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Do economic, political and cultural differentials between different ethnic groups in a country cause protest, rebellion and communal conflict along ethnic lines?

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Abstract:

Discrimination by itself may cause grievance and make people try to redress the situation; but that is often due to the fact that the group is targeted and hence is trying to respond to being a target, which is likely to cause a conflict. My interest lies in trying to find out whether objective differences can explain higher incidence of rebellion, protest and communal conflict.I use the framework of the comparison utility theory to analyze the influence of economic and political differentials between different ethnic groups on conflict. The comparison utility theory states that people get utility not only out of absolute but also out of relative consumption, relative either to other groups or to their own past consumption. Therefore, if the group under observation is worse off than another group, or is worse off than it used to be, that will bring them disutility, which might lead to frustration and conflict. I am testing whether indeed such differentials increase the probability of rebellion, protest or communal conflict. I find that comparison to a previous period is indeed important, as a variable measuring the extent and the timing of autonomy lost increases the probability of conflict. I also find that economic differentials are important in explaining protest, political differentials are important in explaining rebellion and cultural differentials are important in explaining both. The existence of groups that are economically worse off or as bad off as the group under observation, on the other hand, is likely to increase the incidence of communal conflict. Communal conflict is defined as conflict between different groups as opposed to between a minority group and the government. The results give support to the theory that groups are indeed likely to initiate and be in conflict with a group that is better off than them, often the group that is dominant.
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Name: International Studies Association
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http://www.isanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Ali, Ayfer. "Do economic, political and cultural differentials between different ethnic groups in a country cause protest, rebellion and communal conflict along ethnic lines?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p72454_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ali, A. , 2004-03-17 "Do economic, political and cultural differentials between different ethnic groups in a country cause protest, rebellion and communal conflict along ethnic lines?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p72454_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Discrimination by itself may cause grievance and make people try to redress the situation; but that is often due to the fact that the group is targeted and hence is trying to respond to being a target, which is likely to cause a conflict. My interest lies in trying to find out whether objective differences can explain higher incidence of rebellion, protest and communal conflict.I use the framework of the comparison utility theory to analyze the influence of economic and political differentials between different ethnic groups on conflict. The comparison utility theory states that people get utility not only out of absolute but also out of relative consumption, relative either to other groups or to their own past consumption. Therefore, if the group under observation is worse off than another group, or is worse off than it used to be, that will bring them disutility, which might lead to frustration and conflict. I am testing whether indeed such differentials increase the probability of rebellion, protest or communal conflict. I find that comparison to a previous period is indeed important, as a variable measuring the extent and the timing of autonomy lost increases the probability of conflict. I also find that economic differentials are important in explaining protest, political differentials are important in explaining rebellion and cultural differentials are important in explaining both. The existence of groups that are economically worse off or as bad off as the group under observation, on the other hand, is likely to increase the incidence of communal conflict. Communal conflict is defined as conflict between different groups as opposed to between a minority group and the government. The results give support to the theory that groups are indeed likely to initiate and be in conflict with a group that is better off than them, often the group that is dominant.

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