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Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: How Non-state Actors shape World Politics

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Abstract:

This paper poses the question: If International Organisations (IOs) promote and diffuse specific norms within world politics, where do these norms come from? In particular, this analysis seeks to determine how IOs construct their identity in issue areas where rationalist theories give limited explanations. Departing from rationalist conceptions of state interests influencing IOs' behaviour, this paper argues that IOs can and are socialised by materially non-powerful, non-state actors. This is examined through a case study of the World Bank's environmental identity. Moreover, sustained direct and indirect socialisation between the World Bank and its critics has been influential in determining not only the World Bank's identity, but indirectly those of powerful states. This highlights the use of constructivism in providing an analystical framework through which to understand how 'closed' IOs endogenise norms, which are then spread throughout the international system.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

bank (255), world (226), io (173), environment (162), network (138), project (131), state (131), norm (129), advocaci (120), intern (115), social (96), develop (83), transnat (82), organ (75), ident (66), us (59), chang (57), within (54), ngos (52), campaign (50), non (47),

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Norms, Constructivism, International Organizations, transnational advocacy networks
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Name: International Studies Association
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http://www.isanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Park, Susan. "Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: How Non-state Actors shape World Politics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p73162_index.html>

APA Citation:

Park, S. M. , 2004-03-17 "Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: How Non-state Actors shape World Politics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p73162_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper poses the question: If International Organisations (IOs) promote and diffuse specific norms within world politics, where do these norms come from? In particular, this analysis seeks to determine how IOs construct their identity in issue areas where rationalist theories give limited explanations. Departing from rationalist conceptions of state interests influencing IOs' behaviour, this paper argues that IOs can and are socialised by materially non-powerful, non-state actors. This is examined through a case study of the World Bank's environmental identity. Moreover, sustained direct and indirect socialisation between the World Bank and its critics has been influential in determining not only the World Bank's identity, but indirectly those of powerful states. This highlights the use of constructivism in providing an analystical framework through which to understand how 'closed' IOs endogenise norms, which are then spread throughout the international system.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 46
Word count: 14657
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The International Studies Association Annual Conference March 2004 “Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: How Non-state Actors shape World Politics” By Susan Park Department of Government and International Relations University of Sydney Merewether Building HO4 Sydney NSW 2006 Australia Tel: +61 2 9351 4627 Fax: +61 2 9351 3624 Email: spar3784@mail.usyd.edu.au Abstract This paper poses the question: If International Organisations (IOs) promote and diffuse specific norms within world politics where do these norms come from? In particular this analysis seeks
19 2001. viii The World Bank’s involvement in dams has declined over the past two decades. At present only 1.3% of total World Bank projects are dams (World Bank 2000b). Mass opposition to large hydro-electric dams in the 1990s demonstrated the controversy that dam projects were creating. The establishment of a World Commission on Dams in 1998 recognized the need to make dams more environmentally sustainable (WCD 2001). ix Confidential Interview with a World Bank Environment and Socially Sustainable


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