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The Congressional Nature of International Negotiations in the Uruguay Round

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Abstract:

In comparing old and new forms of diplomacy, Sir Harold Nicolson wrote that new diplomacy was brought about by ?the belief that it was possible to apply to the conduct of external affairs, the ideas and practices which, in the conduct of internal affairs, had for generations been regarded as the essentials of liberal democracy. This paper will test Nicolson's observation by comparing negotiation in the GATT Uruguay Round to legislative procedures in the U.S. Congress. The following points of similarity between GATT and Congressional practices will be examined: committee processes; the role and operation of committee chairs; the role and importance of staff work; certain practices like negotiation by auction; and the role of political and mediatorial leadership, as well as the concept of bureaucratic entrepreneurship. The paper will conclude with an assessment of whether or not GATT/WTO negotiation represents an important change in the diplomatic method.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

negoti (175), committe (83), congress (82), gatt/wto (71), intern (70), legisl (61), trade (59), group (58), institut (55), round (49), parti (46), agreement (45), polit (45), uruguay (39), chair (39), process (35), make (34), would (34), behaviour (32), one (32), countri (31),
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Name: International Studies Association
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http://www.isanet.org


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URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p73416_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Winham, Gilbert. "The Congressional Nature of International Negotiations in the Uruguay Round" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p73416_index.html>

APA Citation:

Winham, G. , 2004-03-17 "The Congressional Nature of International Negotiations in the Uruguay Round" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p73416_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In comparing old and new forms of diplomacy, Sir Harold Nicolson wrote that new diplomacy was brought about by ?the belief that it was possible to apply to the conduct of external affairs, the ideas and practices which, in the conduct of internal affairs, had for generations been regarded as the essentials of liberal democracy. This paper will test Nicolson's observation by comparing negotiation in the GATT Uruguay Round to legislative procedures in the U.S. Congress. The following points of similarity between GATT and Congressional practices will be examined: committee processes; the role and operation of committee chairs; the role and importance of staff work; certain practices like negotiation by auction; and the role of political and mediatorial leadership, as well as the concept of bureaucratic entrepreneurship. The paper will conclude with an assessment of whether or not GATT/WTO negotiation represents an important change in the diplomatic method.

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Associated Document Available Political Research Online
Associated Document Available International Studies Association

Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 39
Word count: 10738
Text sample:
THE “CONGRESSIONAL” NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS IN THE GATT/WTO1 Gilbert R. Winham Dalhousie University I. INTRODUCTION Prima facie there is a case to be made that legislative behaviour in the U.S. Congress resembles negotiating behaviour in the GATT/WTO.2 The self-evident purpose of legislative behaviour is to make laws; but arguably beginning even with the GATT itself in 1947 this has also been done in GATT/WTO negotiations where rules are made for the purpose of regulating trade relations between nation-states.
and William J. Marshall “The Industrial Organization of Congress; or Why Legislatures Like Firms Are Not Organized as Markets” Journal of Political Economy 96:1 (1988) 132-63. 38 Winham Gilbert R. “The World Trade Organization: Institution =-Building in the Multilateral Trade System” The World Economy 21:3 (1998) 349-68. Winham Gilbert R. International Trade and the Tokyo Round negotiation (Princeton N.J.: Princeton University press 1986). Wolfensberger Donald R. “Committee Leaders Through History: An Introductory Essay” (Seminar on Committee Leadership in Congress)


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