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Beautiful Losers: Explaining theIdeological Orientations of House Challengers

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Abstract:

First-time candidates for seats in the House of Representatives vary systematically in the extent their ideological positions reflect those of their sponsoring political party and the district they seek to represent. I posit that as the prospects for winning office increases the role of political party in shaping candidate ideology decreases, and that of district ideology increases. Opportunistic electoral circumstances, as opposed to prior electoral success, influences whether a challenger possessing an electorally appealing ideological profile emerges as the party’s nominee. More so than challengers to current officeholder and candidates in open-seat contests, incumbents typically hold ideological orientations less in line with their sponsoring party and more in tune with their district.

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candid (223), ideolog (166), parti (132), district (102), seat (55), incumb (48), posit (42), open (39), elector (39), polit (36), voter (35), win (34), vote (34), open-seat (32), model (31), one (28), first (26), congression (26), hous (25), challeng (25), time (24),
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Name: The Midwest Political Science Association
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http://www.indiana.edu/~mpsa/


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Koch, Jeffrey. "Beautiful Losers: Explaining theIdeological Orientations of House Challengers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p82455_index.html>

APA Citation:

Koch, J. W. , 2004-04-15 "Beautiful Losers: Explaining theIdeological Orientations of House Challengers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p82455_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: First-time candidates for seats in the House of Representatives vary systematically in the extent their ideological positions reflect those of their sponsoring political party and the district they seek to represent. I posit that as the prospects for winning office increases the role of political party in shaping candidate ideology decreases, and that of district ideology increases. Opportunistic electoral circumstances, as opposed to prior electoral success, influences whether a challenger possessing an electorally appealing ideological profile emerges as the party’s nominee. More so than challengers to current officeholder and candidates in open-seat contests, incumbents typically hold ideological orientations less in line with their sponsoring party and more in tune with their district.

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Associated Document Available The Midwest Political Science Association
Associated Document Available Political Research Online

Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 28
Word count: 6272
Text sample:
Beautiful Losers: Explaining the Ideological Orientations of House Challengers Abstract: First-time candidates for seats in the House of Representatives vary systematically in the extent their ideological positions reflect those of their sponsoring political party and the district they seek to represent. I posit that as the prospects for winning office increases the role of political party in shaping candidate ideology decreases and that of district ideology increases. Opportunistic electoral circumstances as opposed to prior electoral success influences whether a
factor analysis was performed on those representatives where information was available from all three sources then through a STATA 6.0 regression imputation technique scores were assigned to candidates where information was available from at least one of the three sources. Imputation on the 1996 and 1998 data was also performed with Amelia (Honaker et al. 1999). (The 1994 raw data were unavailable in a form that allowed for imputation with Amelia.) Imputation from Amelia produces measures of candidate ideology


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