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Cooperation as an Interest Group Strategy: Implementation of Sections 9 & 10 of the Endangered Species Act (1982, as Amended)
Unformatted Document Text:  Cooperation as an Interest Group Strategy: Implementation of Sections 9 & 10 of the Endangered Species Act (1982, as Amended) Suzanne M. Robbins, Ph. D. Institute for Regional Analysis and Public Policy 100 Lloyd Cassity Building Morehead State University Morehead, KY 40351 606.783.5432 ## email not listed ## Abstract Group influence is an important element of study within political science. How much influence do organized interests exert within the policy process? Is this influence a normatively “good” thing, i.e., linking citizens to government? Or is it a “bad” thing? This study steps back and examines the question from the perspective of how groups might use their resources to influence public policy. I do so not at the legislative or agenda-setting phase of public policy, but at the implementation of policy, where agency officials have discretion to design rules and negotiate agreements without the scrutiny of elected officials. I argue that groups are active in securing the benefits or ameliorating the effects of legislation and devise cooperative or conflictual strategies to affect this process. Measuring cooperation along a continuum, I argue the degree of cooperation groups exhibit is affected by the policy context, in addition to group resources. The policy context shapes the relative degree of information and access available to groups. Groups lacking access and specialized information regarding the process will fight the process more visibly than those groups with these resources.

Authors: Robbins, Suzanne.
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Cooperation as an Interest Group Strategy:
Implementation of Sections 9 & 10 of the
Endangered Species Act (1982, as Amended)






Suzanne M. Robbins, Ph. D.
Institute for Regional Analysis and Public Policy
100 Lloyd Cassity Building
Morehead State University
Morehead, KY 40351
606.783.5432
## email not listed ##





Abstract
Group influence is an important element of study within political science. How much influence
do organized interests exert within the policy process? Is this influence a normatively “good”
thing, i.e., linking citizens to government? Or is it a “bad” thing? This study steps back and
examines the question from the perspective of how groups might use their resources to influence
public policy. I do so not at the legislative or agenda-setting phase of public policy, but at the
implementation of policy, where agency officials have discretion to design rules and negotiate
agreements without the scrutiny of elected officials. I argue that groups are active in securing
the benefits or ameliorating the effects of legislation and devise cooperative or conflictual
strategies to affect this process.

Measuring cooperation along a continuum, I argue the degree of cooperation groups exhibit is
affected by the policy context, in addition to group resources. The policy context shapes the
relative degree of information and access available to groups. Groups lacking access and
specialized information regarding the process will fight the process more visibly than those
groups with these resources.


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