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Parenting Self-Efficacy and Satisfaction with Parenting: Relations with Maternal Well-Being

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Abstract:

Background and aims: A bourgeoning area of research has concentrated on parenting self-efficacy, defined as parents’ perceptions of their ability to influence the behavior and development of their children. Previous research has shown that parents with higher self-efficacy are themselves more satisfied with parenting and have children who exhibit more positive outcomes. These findings suggest that parenting self-efficacy plays a role in the socioemotional processes and outcomes of parenting. The current study examined relations between both parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting and the well-being of mothers of infants.
Methods: Participants were 51 mothers of 3-4-month-old infants. Of this group, 24 participated in a follow-up assessment 1 year later. At 3 months, mothers completed the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), the Maternal Efficacy Questionnaire (MEQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the RAND Health Survey. One year later, they completed the BDI and RAND. The PSOC assesses both parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting. The MEQ also assesses parenting self-efficacy. The BDI was used to assess the mother’s depressive symptoms. Finally, the RAND assessed the mother’s current health-related quality of life. The RAND yields seven health dimensions as well as a general health score.
Key Results: The following reported correlations are statistically significant, p < .05. Statistics for mediational analyses are not reported here, but meet standard criteria for significance. Depressive symptoms at 3 months were related to both parenting self-efficacy (MEQ -.57 and PSOC -.52) and parenting satisfaction (-.69). Mediational analyses indicated that the relations between efficacy and depressive symptoms were mediated by parenting satisfaction. Depressive symptoms 1 year later were related to 3-month depressive symptoms (.65) and parenting satisfaction (-.59). The relation between 3-month parenting satisfaction and later depressive symptoms was mediated by 3-month depressive symptoms. Similar patterns of relations with parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting were found for many of the RAND dimensions as were found for depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: These results suggest that parenting satisfaction may be more critical to mothers’ well-being than is parenting self-efficacy. Lower satisfaction with parenting in this study related to higher (but subclinical) levels of depressive symptoms and several other aspects of maternal health, even over a 1-year time interval. Whether parenting satisfaction is a cause or an effect of maternal well-being remains to be determined. It is possible that parenting self-efficacy may relate more strongly to parenting behaviors and infant outcomes than to maternal well-being.

Author's Keywords:

Parenting Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction with Pareting, Socioemotional Processes
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Association:
Name: XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies
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http://www.isisweb.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p94699_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Young, Marion., Karraker, Katherine. and Cottrell, Lesley. "Parenting Self-Efficacy and Satisfaction with Parenting: Relations with Maternal Well-Being" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p94699_index.html>

APA Citation:

Young, M. E., Karraker, K. H. and Cottrell, L. E. , 2006-06-19 "Parenting Self-Efficacy and Satisfaction with Parenting: Relations with Maternal Well-Being" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p94699_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and aims: A bourgeoning area of research has concentrated on parenting self-efficacy, defined as parents’ perceptions of their ability to influence the behavior and development of their children. Previous research has shown that parents with higher self-efficacy are themselves more satisfied with parenting and have children who exhibit more positive outcomes. These findings suggest that parenting self-efficacy plays a role in the socioemotional processes and outcomes of parenting. The current study examined relations between both parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting and the well-being of mothers of infants.
Methods: Participants were 51 mothers of 3-4-month-old infants. Of this group, 24 participated in a follow-up assessment 1 year later. At 3 months, mothers completed the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), the Maternal Efficacy Questionnaire (MEQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the RAND Health Survey. One year later, they completed the BDI and RAND. The PSOC assesses both parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting. The MEQ also assesses parenting self-efficacy. The BDI was used to assess the mother’s depressive symptoms. Finally, the RAND assessed the mother’s current health-related quality of life. The RAND yields seven health dimensions as well as a general health score.
Key Results: The following reported correlations are statistically significant, p < .05. Statistics for mediational analyses are not reported here, but meet standard criteria for significance. Depressive symptoms at 3 months were related to both parenting self-efficacy (MEQ -.57 and PSOC -.52) and parenting satisfaction (-.69). Mediational analyses indicated that the relations between efficacy and depressive symptoms were mediated by parenting satisfaction. Depressive symptoms 1 year later were related to 3-month depressive symptoms (.65) and parenting satisfaction (-.59). The relation between 3-month parenting satisfaction and later depressive symptoms was mediated by 3-month depressive symptoms. Similar patterns of relations with parenting self-efficacy and satisfaction with parenting were found for many of the RAND dimensions as were found for depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: These results suggest that parenting satisfaction may be more critical to mothers’ well-being than is parenting self-efficacy. Lower satisfaction with parenting in this study related to higher (but subclinical) levels of depressive symptoms and several other aspects of maternal health, even over a 1-year time interval. Whether parenting satisfaction is a cause or an effect of maternal well-being remains to be determined. It is possible that parenting self-efficacy may relate more strongly to parenting behaviors and infant outcomes than to maternal well-being.

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