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Internet Activism and Transnational Public Sphere: A Case Study of Online Political Communication's Dynamism of China-Japan Relationship

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Abstract:

The breeding of nationalism and the growth of civil society are two major themes frequently addressed in the study of online political communication in China. Examining the course of on-line and off-line anti-Japanese protests in China that purported to oppose Japan’s ascension into the United Nation Security Council, this paper brings the themes of nationalism and civil society together, and interrogate the role Internet could play in the communication of inter-national affairs. This paper argues, even though the Internet could facilitate the formation of public opinion, the orchestration of popular political movements and the production of a transnational public sphere that ultimately could make an effect on the inter-national policy, it does not necessarily mean a promotion to the growth of domestic civil society in Mainland China. This contradiction exists because the crucial element underlying all these popular political communication is nationalism, which is indeed a double-edge sword to the Communist Party. The survivability of public opinion and popular nationalism can only exist when it is aligned with the interest of the state strongly demonstrates the function of the Internet as a state activation apparatus in online inter-national political communication, that is, a device by which the PRC government can employ to activate or make use of what is activated by the citizens through the medium of the internet to advance national interest in the international arena. The result implicates that a scalar analysis which help unfolding the complex interplay between new media, politics, people and the state as well as the dynamism between the national and the global is needed for the study of online political communication in the neo-authoritarian regime of China.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

nation (131), internet (105), china (91), public (88), state (72), japanes (72), protest (69), global (67), 2005 (65), societi (59), transnat (56), polit (54), anti (53), civil (50), govern (48), anti-japanes (47), japan (47), movement (45), sphere (45), chines (37), media (36),

Author's Keywords:

international activism, online political communication, transnational public sphere, state activation apparatus
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Name: International Studies Association
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MLA Citation:

Chow, Pui Ha. "Internet Activism and Transnational Public Sphere: A Case Study of Online Political Communication's Dynamism of China-Japan Relationship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99327_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chow, P. , 2006-03-22 "Internet Activism and Transnational Public Sphere: A Case Study of Online Political Communication's Dynamism of China-Japan Relationship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA Online <PDF>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99327_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The breeding of nationalism and the growth of civil society are two major themes frequently addressed in the study of online political communication in China. Examining the course of on-line and off-line anti-Japanese protests in China that purported to oppose Japan’s ascension into the United Nation Security Council, this paper brings the themes of nationalism and civil society together, and interrogate the role Internet could play in the communication of inter-national affairs. This paper argues, even though the Internet could facilitate the formation of public opinion, the orchestration of popular political movements and the production of a transnational public sphere that ultimately could make an effect on the inter-national policy, it does not necessarily mean a promotion to the growth of domestic civil society in Mainland China. This contradiction exists because the crucial element underlying all these popular political communication is nationalism, which is indeed a double-edge sword to the Communist Party. The survivability of public opinion and popular nationalism can only exist when it is aligned with the interest of the state strongly demonstrates the function of the Internet as a state activation apparatus in online inter-national political communication, that is, a device by which the PRC government can employ to activate or make use of what is activated by the citizens through the medium of the internet to advance national interest in the international arena. The result implicates that a scalar analysis which help unfolding the complex interplay between new media, politics, people and the state as well as the dynamism between the national and the global is needed for the study of online political communication in the neo-authoritarian regime of China.

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Associated Document Available International Studies Association

Document Type: PDF
Page count: 24
Word count: 10003
Text sample:
Internet Activism and Trans-national Public Sphere: Internet as State Activation Apparatus in the Anti-Japanese Protests Paper Presented to the 47th Annual ICA Convention San Diego USA March 22-25 2006 (Draft: Please do not quote or cite without author’s permission) Chow Pui Ha (Ph.D student) School of Journalism &Communication The Chinese University of Hong Kong carolbeings@gmail.com Impacts of the Internet on political communication in Mainland China have received wide scholastic concerns since its first introduction into the territory at the
anti-Japanese protests the New York Times April 26 2005 Zhao S.S (2004) “Chinese Nationalism and Pragmatic Foreign Policy Behavior” in Zhao ed. Chinese Foreign Policy: Pragmatism and Strategic Behavior Armonk N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe Zhang J. H. Will the government 'serve the people'? The development of Chinese e- government New Media and Society 4 (2): 163-184 Zhang Y. N. (1999) Discovering Chinese Nationalism in China: Modernization Identity and International Relations Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press Zhao Y.Z. (1998) Media


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