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The Internalized North-South Divide: Implications for Workers in Canada and the United States

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Abstract:

Much has been made of the fact that the majority of immigration to Canada and the United States is now non-white. This is said to be the product of inclusive societies welcoming people from all parts of the world. The trend, however, reflects the unequal benefits of globalization and the North-South divide and the fact that increasing social polarization is pushing many from their countries in search of improved opportunities in countries like Canada and the United States that have had the greater benefits of globalization. This illusion of inclusion is shattered for many when they come to these countries only to experience a backlash towards immigration, limited job opportunities because of credentialism and a society closed by systemic racism and the accompanying racial hierarchy that exists in Canada and the United States. This paper will argue that globalization and the North-South divide are manifesting themselves within these societies within which this divide and other divisions are recreated through immigration as the human face of globalization. This hierarchy has threatened the life chances of racialized immigrants and workers and that the immigration policies and political, social and economic systems of Canada and the United States are still not open to racialized minorities on the same level as they are to non-racialized minorities. This is heightened by the changing nature of the state-society relationship that provides little support for immigration settlement and other programs and institutions that support equalizing opportunities for marginalized members of society. We examine immigration and security policies through a critical framework and analyze worker interviews in Toronto and Houston in order to highlight how these hierarchies and the North-South divide are indeed internalized in Canada and the United States.
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Name: International Studies Association
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http://www.isanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99891_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Agathangelou, Anna. and Fernando, Shanti. "The Internalized North-South Divide: Implications for Workers in Canada and the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99891_index.html>

APA Citation:

Agathangelou, A. and Fernando, S. I. , 2006-03-22 "The Internalized North-South Divide: Implications for Workers in Canada and the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99891_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Much has been made of the fact that the majority of immigration to Canada and the United States is now non-white. This is said to be the product of inclusive societies welcoming people from all parts of the world. The trend, however, reflects the unequal benefits of globalization and the North-South divide and the fact that increasing social polarization is pushing many from their countries in search of improved opportunities in countries like Canada and the United States that have had the greater benefits of globalization. This illusion of inclusion is shattered for many when they come to these countries only to experience a backlash towards immigration, limited job opportunities because of credentialism and a society closed by systemic racism and the accompanying racial hierarchy that exists in Canada and the United States. This paper will argue that globalization and the North-South divide are manifesting themselves within these societies within which this divide and other divisions are recreated through immigration as the human face of globalization. This hierarchy has threatened the life chances of racialized immigrants and workers and that the immigration policies and political, social and economic systems of Canada and the United States are still not open to racialized minorities on the same level as they are to non-racialized minorities. This is heightened by the changing nature of the state-society relationship that provides little support for immigration settlement and other programs and institutions that support equalizing opportunities for marginalized members of society. We examine immigration and security policies through a critical framework and analyze worker interviews in Toronto and Houston in order to highlight how these hierarchies and the North-South divide are indeed internalized in Canada and the United States.

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