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Creating and Maintaining a European Security Institution: Distribution of Power, International Norms and Domestic Political Parties

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Abstract:

: Despite the institutionalized transatlantic security relationship?s ? the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - successful existence and persistence, the West European member-states undertook continuously efforts to create a purely European security institution. West European states created such an institution in the 1950s - the West European Union (WEU); however, it remained an empty shell since its tasks were assumed by NATO. Why were they able to repeat such an undertaking in the beginning of the 1990s ? in the form of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) ? and why did the new institution this time actually assume real functions? This initial question leads to a set of sub-questions: Why were WEU and later CFSP established even though NATO already dealt with the issues that fall under their mandate? How do two institutions with very similar tasks and functions exist next to and interact with each other? And what kind of effects does this institution-building process have on the transatlantic relationship? To answer these questions, my paper adopts a two-stage scheme of, first, identifying the motivational dynamics behind the institution-building process and, second, exploring its impact on the transatlantic relationship. The objectives are (1) to focus attention on institution-building in the context of institutional coexistence/interdependence, (2) to elaborate mechanisms in which the interaction of domestic and international variables can account for the creation and maintenance (or the lack thereof) of a European security institution in a systematic manner, and (3) to examine the present transatlantic security relationship.

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institut (165), nato (165), european (141), secur (120), eu (103), norm (88), us (72), intern (72), state (71), polit (71), new (67), member (64), cfsp (61), govern (54), differ (49), 2000 (49), polici (48), 2004 (48), europ (47), time (47), ident (46),
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Name: International Studies Association
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Hofmann, Stephanie. "Creating and Maintaining a European Security Institution: Distribution of Power, International Norms and Domestic Political Parties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99913_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hofmann, S. , 2006-03-22 "Creating and Maintaining a European Security Institution: Distribution of Power, International Norms and Domestic Political Parties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA Online <PDF>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99913_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: : Despite the institutionalized transatlantic security relationship?s ? the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - successful existence and persistence, the West European member-states undertook continuously efforts to create a purely European security institution. West European states created such an institution in the 1950s - the West European Union (WEU); however, it remained an empty shell since its tasks were assumed by NATO. Why were they able to repeat such an undertaking in the beginning of the 1990s ? in the form of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) ? and why did the new institution this time actually assume real functions? This initial question leads to a set of sub-questions: Why were WEU and later CFSP established even though NATO already dealt with the issues that fall under their mandate? How do two institutions with very similar tasks and functions exist next to and interact with each other? And what kind of effects does this institution-building process have on the transatlantic relationship? To answer these questions, my paper adopts a two-stage scheme of, first, identifying the motivational dynamics behind the institution-building process and, second, exploring its impact on the transatlantic relationship. The objectives are (1) to focus attention on institution-building in the context of institutional coexistence/interdependence, (2) to elaborate mechanisms in which the interaction of domestic and international variables can account for the creation and maintenance (or the lack thereof) of a European security institution in a systematic manner, and (3) to examine the present transatlantic security relationship.

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Associated Document Available International Studies Association

Document Type: PDF
Page count: 45
Word count: 15734
Text sample:
Creating and Maintaining a European Security Institution: Distribution of Power International Norms and Domestic Political Parties Stephanie Hofmann Cornell University sch35@cornell.edu Draft version. Please ask permission for citation. “This is a one-off opportunity for reform: to set Europe on a clear course for the future of Europe that as I have said before can be a superpower if not a superstate.” Tony Blair (2002) With the end of the Cold War the West European states created a new security
Alexander E. (1999) Social Theory of International Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Whitney Craig R. (1999) “U.S. and NATO Allies Divided Over Defense Needs. Difference Focus on Proposals for an Antimissile System and an All-European Force New York Times December 3 1999 p.4. Williams Ian (2003) “Whither the Special Relationship? Bush Blair and Britain’s future ” Foreign Policy in Focus www.fpif.org retrieved January 26 2004 at 13h13. Wohlforth William C. (1999) “The Stability of a Unipolar World ” International


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