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Non-State Actors and Economic Policy Change: The Role of Non-State Actors in the Peruvian Process Of Neoliberal Economic Reform

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Abstract:

The present paper is part of a larger research project that studies policy ideas as a source of economic policy change, in relation to the Peruvian case of neoliberal economic reform implemented during the early 1990s. As such, it belongs to the ideas-based research arena that in contrast to mainstream approaches in the political economy literature - that establish that power, interests, and international economic structures determine policy change ? considers that policy ideas may determine the content and direction of states? policies. Concretely, with respect to the paper I am proposing for the ISA conference, its main thesis is that the language used by the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas during the late 1980s in Peru helped to build a pro-market discourse that mobilized both: opposition against the prevailing inward-oriented economic policy framework, and the approval by the civil society of the application of market-oriented reforms. In other words, I note that the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas discursively constructed during the late 1980s the support for the economic reform program applied during the 1990s.The objective of my paper is to define how pro-market ideas became more persuasive than others and could resonate against widely held domestic understandings and beliefs about the role of the state and social actors in the economy, and the state?s economic foreign policy. One of the accurate criticisms made to the idea-based research program is that noted by Mark Blyth who claims that various studies in this area do not explain the mechanism of translation of policy ideas from academic debate to popular consciousness. In an attempt to set an explanation in this regard, I pay attention to the diffusion of economic ideas, concretely to the language utilized to promote these ideas. I study the discourse of non-state actors: think tanks, academics, politicians and technocrats that supported these ideas before the government issued market-oriented reforms. The paper analyzes the representational images ? metaphors, analogies, myths, and symbols - that the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas used in their attempt to get supporters for their own way of defining Peru?s economic problems and solutions. I pay special attention to the language tools inserted in the press documents texts through which the ?pro-market discourse? was constructed and promoted. I operate a discourse analysis of the news corresponding to the period 1987-1992. Analyzing the news texts through which the pro-market message was publicized in the Peruvian arena has allowed me to collect more than mere information about the events occurred prior to and during the application of market oriented reforms. The study of the language tools ? metaphors, analogies, myths, and symbols - inserted in these texts has permitted me to observe how these language tools have contributed to carefully construct and promote a pro-market rhetoric, to coin terms and images which after being repeatedly exposed through various venues ? especially the news - become part of the political discourse. I am interested in observing not only the way in which the pro-market discourse was constructed but also how it was effectively ?communicated? and thus, how this was ?receipted? by societal actors and consolidated in the Peruvian arena. Therefore instead of doing text analysis in abstraction of social context here I supplement the basic semiotic analysis of press documents with a further inquiry, taking into consideration the context within and the venues through which market-oriented policy ideas were described/supported in the news.
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Name: International Studies Association
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MLA Citation:

Hesselroth, Alba. "Non-State Actors and Economic Policy Change: The Role of Non-State Actors in the Peruvian Process Of Neoliberal Economic Reform" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100282_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hesselroth, A. , 2006-03-22 "Non-State Actors and Economic Policy Change: The Role of Non-State Actors in the Peruvian Process Of Neoliberal Economic Reform" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100282_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The present paper is part of a larger research project that studies policy ideas as a source of economic policy change, in relation to the Peruvian case of neoliberal economic reform implemented during the early 1990s. As such, it belongs to the ideas-based research arena that in contrast to mainstream approaches in the political economy literature - that establish that power, interests, and international economic structures determine policy change ? considers that policy ideas may determine the content and direction of states? policies. Concretely, with respect to the paper I am proposing for the ISA conference, its main thesis is that the language used by the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas during the late 1980s in Peru helped to build a pro-market discourse that mobilized both: opposition against the prevailing inward-oriented economic policy framework, and the approval by the civil society of the application of market-oriented reforms. In other words, I note that the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas discursively constructed during the late 1980s the support for the economic reform program applied during the 1990s.The objective of my paper is to define how pro-market ideas became more persuasive than others and could resonate against widely held domestic understandings and beliefs about the role of the state and social actors in the economy, and the state?s economic foreign policy. One of the accurate criticisms made to the idea-based research program is that noted by Mark Blyth who claims that various studies in this area do not explain the mechanism of translation of policy ideas from academic debate to popular consciousness. In an attempt to set an explanation in this regard, I pay attention to the diffusion of economic ideas, concretely to the language utilized to promote these ideas. I study the discourse of non-state actors: think tanks, academics, politicians and technocrats that supported these ideas before the government issued market-oriented reforms. The paper analyzes the representational images ? metaphors, analogies, myths, and symbols - that the promoters of market-oriented policy ideas used in their attempt to get supporters for their own way of defining Peru?s economic problems and solutions. I pay special attention to the language tools inserted in the press documents texts through which the ?pro-market discourse? was constructed and promoted. I operate a discourse analysis of the news corresponding to the period 1987-1992. Analyzing the news texts through which the pro-market message was publicized in the Peruvian arena has allowed me to collect more than mere information about the events occurred prior to and during the application of market oriented reforms. The study of the language tools ? metaphors, analogies, myths, and symbols - inserted in these texts has permitted me to observe how these language tools have contributed to carefully construct and promote a pro-market rhetoric, to coin terms and images which after being repeatedly exposed through various venues ? especially the news - become part of the political discourse. I am interested in observing not only the way in which the pro-market discourse was constructed but also how it was effectively ?communicated? and thus, how this was ?receipted? by societal actors and consolidated in the Peruvian arena. Therefore instead of doing text analysis in abstraction of social context here I supplement the basic semiotic analysis of press documents with a further inquiry, taking into consideration the context within and the venues through which market-oriented policy ideas were described/supported in the news.

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Similar Titles:
The Role of Non-State Actors in the Peruvian Process of Neoliberal Economic Reform

The Influence of Policy Ideas and Non-State Actors in Economic Policy Change - An Analysis of the Peruvian Case of Neoliberal Economic Reform


 
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