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Exporting Jihad: Iran's Use of Non-State Armed Groups

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Abstract:

The inability of states to counter U.S. technological and strategic power on the conventional battlefield requires that states employ an insurgent-style of warfare against U.S. forces. More then any state, Iran has utilized the strategic employment of asymmetry to achieve multiple objectives. Through a combination of militias, insurgencies, terror groups, and organized crime organizations, Iran has built an effective counter to the United States' conventional supremacy. Consequently, Iran's use of non-state armed groups has enormous implications on the future of international security.

This paper examines Iran’s use of non-state armed groups to achieve its political and security objectives. It recognizes the use of non-state armed groups as being a critical component to an Iranian security doctrine that is guided by strategic asymmetry. Specifically, it examines: the political and strategic cultures that contribute to the use of non-state armed groups; the structural components that facilitate their use; the operational particulars of the groups which Iran utilizes; the broader implications of their strategic employment.

To achieve this qualitative study, this paper uses an architecture for the study of non-state armed groups. This architecture was developed by Professors Richard Shultz, Douglas Farrah, and Itamara Lochard in the US Air Force INSS Occasional Paper (57), entitled “Armed Groups: A Tier-One Security Policy.” This framework provides four categories of non-state armed groups, and it utilizes six variables for the analysis of individual groups.

Analysis leads this study to conclude the following: Iran’s senior leadership sees the exportation of jihadi insurgencies as paramount to achieving its long-term ideological goals.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

iran (194), state (149), group (117), nsag (104), strateg (91), use (89), polit (73), arm (71), war (62), cultur (61), iranian (60), page (58), shiit (54), warfar (54), militari (53), oper (53), generat (51), secur (46), region (45), report (45), non (44),

Author's Keywords:

Iran, United States, Non State Armed Groups, Non State Actors, NSA, NSAG, Asymmetry, Strategic, Strategy, Terrorism, Insurgency, Insurgencies, Terror Groups, Militias, Iranian, Hezbollah, Hamas, Military, Intelligence, Iraq, Israel, Middle East, war
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Name: International Studies Association
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http://www.isanet.org


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MLA Citation:

O'Brien, James. "Exporting Jihad: Iran's Use of Non-State Armed Groups" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2013-12-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100518_index.html>

APA Citation:

O'Brien, J. M. , 2006-03-22 "Exporting Jihad: Iran's Use of Non-State Armed Groups" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA Online <PDF>. 2013-12-17 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100518_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The inability of states to counter U.S. technological and strategic power on the conventional battlefield requires that states employ an insurgent-style of warfare against U.S. forces. More then any state, Iran has utilized the strategic employment of asymmetry to achieve multiple objectives. Through a combination of militias, insurgencies, terror groups, and organized crime organizations, Iran has built an effective counter to the United States' conventional supremacy. Consequently, Iran's use of non-state armed groups has enormous implications on the future of international security.

This paper examines Iran’s use of non-state armed groups to achieve its political and security objectives. It recognizes the use of non-state armed groups as being a critical component to an Iranian security doctrine that is guided by strategic asymmetry. Specifically, it examines: the political and strategic cultures that contribute to the use of non-state armed groups; the structural components that facilitate their use; the operational particulars of the groups which Iran utilizes; the broader implications of their strategic employment.

To achieve this qualitative study, this paper uses an architecture for the study of non-state armed groups. This architecture was developed by Professors Richard Shultz, Douglas Farrah, and Itamara Lochard in the US Air Force INSS Occasional Paper (57), entitled “Armed Groups: A Tier-One Security Policy.” This framework provides four categories of non-state armed groups, and it utilizes six variables for the analysis of individual groups.

Analysis leads this study to conclude the following: Iran’s senior leadership sees the exportation of jihadi insurgencies as paramount to achieving its long-term ideological goals.

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Document Type: PDF
Page count: 111
Word count: 33503
Text sample:
EXPORTING JIHAD: Iran’s Use of Non-State Armed Groups 2006 BY James M. O’Brien The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy & The Jebsen Center for Counter-Terrorism Studies Presented at the 47th Annual International Studies Association 22 March 2006 Abstract This paper examines Iran’s use of non-state armed groups to achieve its political and security objectives. It recognizes the use of non-state armed groups as being a critical component to an Iranian security doctrine that is guided by strategic asymmetry.
Threat ” pages 47 - 52 US Air Force Academy Colorado: US Air Force Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) September 2004 Sokolski Henry Patrick Clawson Getting Ready for a Nuclear Iran Carlisle PA: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute October 2005 Stern Jessica The Ultimate Terrorists London: Harvard University Press 2000 Thompson Loren B. Low Intensity Conflict: The Pattern of warfare in the Modern World Washington D.C. Lexington Books 1989 Ushama Thameem Hasan Al-Banna: Vision and Mission


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