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The Effects of ADHD Status on Intimate Relationship Status and Quality

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Abstract:

Individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) characteristically face challenges maintaining social relationships, including marriage. Past research has identified how ADHD increases divorce rates and marital quality. However, very little is known about the rates that individuals with ADHD participate in intimate relationships other than marriage and about how ADHD status influences the quality of these relationships. In response to these vacancies in the literature, this study applies stress and support theory, role theory, and economic theory to account for the effects of ADHD status on intimate relationship status and intimate relationship quality. It further uses these theoretical frameworks to examine how both relationship status and quality are influenced by how ADHD status interacts with sex as well as financial consequences of ADHD. This study uses data from the Physical Challenge and Health Study (PCHS) to compare marital status and quality between individuals who report and individuals who do not report ADHD characteristics, irrespective of partner characteristics. Results from basic and ordinal logistic regression models suggest that while individuals with ADHD experience intimate relationships at the same rate as individuals without it, individuals with ADHD report relatively lower relationship quality. Results also suggest that females with ADHD report lower marital quality than individuals with ADHD who are male. Economic hardship does not moderate the relationships between ADHD status and relationship status and quality, ultimately deeming stress/social support theory and role theory, rather than economic theory, more compelling theoretical frameworks explaining the relationship between ADHD and intimate relationships.

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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1007637_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Lehpamer, Nicole. "The Effects of ADHD Status on Intimate Relationship Status and Quality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2017-09-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1007637_index.html>

APA Citation:

Lehpamer, N. , 2015-08-20 "The Effects of ADHD Status on Intimate Relationship Status and Quality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois Online <PDF>. 2017-09-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1007637_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) characteristically face challenges maintaining social relationships, including marriage. Past research has identified how ADHD increases divorce rates and marital quality. However, very little is known about the rates that individuals with ADHD participate in intimate relationships other than marriage and about how ADHD status influences the quality of these relationships. In response to these vacancies in the literature, this study applies stress and support theory, role theory, and economic theory to account for the effects of ADHD status on intimate relationship status and intimate relationship quality. It further uses these theoretical frameworks to examine how both relationship status and quality are influenced by how ADHD status interacts with sex as well as financial consequences of ADHD. This study uses data from the Physical Challenge and Health Study (PCHS) to compare marital status and quality between individuals who report and individuals who do not report ADHD characteristics, irrespective of partner characteristics. Results from basic and ordinal logistic regression models suggest that while individuals with ADHD experience intimate relationships at the same rate as individuals without it, individuals with ADHD report relatively lower relationship quality. Results also suggest that females with ADHD report lower marital quality than individuals with ADHD who are male. Economic hardship does not moderate the relationships between ADHD status and relationship status and quality, ultimately deeming stress/social support theory and role theory, rather than economic theory, more compelling theoretical frameworks explaining the relationship between ADHD and intimate relationships.


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