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Pathways to Women's Appearance Satisfaction: Finding Critical Standpoints with QCA

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Abstract:

Research on women’s body image frequently measures the linear effects of isolated variables like race, class, sexuality, and feminist beliefs. In contrast, we take a standpoint theoretic approach to the intersecting characteristics that lead to women’s satisfaction or dissatisfaction with appearance. Methodologically and theoretically, we highlight the utility of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) for uncovering the intersections that are causally related to our outcome of interest, arguing for its unique suitability for standpoint theoretic analyses. We combine this approach with qualitative analysis of interviews with 85 women to reveal the pathways that lead women to feel satisfied or dissatisfied with their appearances. We find two general pathways to appearance satisfaction: (1) whiteness, feminist ideology, low income, and low beauty work expenditures, especially when combined with LBT sexual identity; and (2) whiteness, heterosexuality, non-feminism, less education, low income and high beauty work expenditures. There were also two general pathways to dissatisfaction: (1) non-whiteness, heterosexuality, and non-feminism; and (2) whiteness, heterosexuality, high education, high income, and low beauty work expenditures. In-depth analysis of interviews illuminates how these combinations lead to appearance satisfaction or dissatisfaction, with special attention to the role of LBT identity and race and class privilege. We underscore the value of QCA for uncovering multiple ‘pathways’ to body image.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

women (204), appear (96), ideal (91), white (90), beauti (89), feminist (89), pathway (84), 1 (70), bodi (62), heterosexu (58), satisfact (57), dissatisfact (55), lbt (53), 0 (48), also (43), incom (40), result (39), cultur (36), imag (36), like (35), characterist (33),

Author's Keywords:

standpoint theory, intersectionality, QCA, body image, beauty ideals, race, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, feminism
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103745_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Neal, Rachael. and Roth, Louise. "Pathways to Women's Appearance Satisfaction: Finding Critical Standpoints with QCA" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 10, 2006 <Not Available>. 2017-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103745_index.html>

APA Citation:

Neal, R. S. and Roth, L. M. , 2006-08-10 "Pathways to Women's Appearance Satisfaction: Finding Critical Standpoints with QCA" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online <PDF>. 2017-01-24 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103745_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Research on women’s body image frequently measures the linear effects of isolated variables like race, class, sexuality, and feminist beliefs. In contrast, we take a standpoint theoretic approach to the intersecting characteristics that lead to women’s satisfaction or dissatisfaction with appearance. Methodologically and theoretically, we highlight the utility of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) for uncovering the intersections that are causally related to our outcome of interest, arguing for its unique suitability for standpoint theoretic analyses. We combine this approach with qualitative analysis of interviews with 85 women to reveal the pathways that lead women to feel satisfied or dissatisfied with their appearances. We find two general pathways to appearance satisfaction: (1) whiteness, feminist ideology, low income, and low beauty work expenditures, especially when combined with LBT sexual identity; and (2) whiteness, heterosexuality, non-feminism, less education, low income and high beauty work expenditures. There were also two general pathways to dissatisfaction: (1) non-whiteness, heterosexuality, and non-feminism; and (2) whiteness, heterosexuality, high education, high income, and low beauty work expenditures. In-depth analysis of interviews illuminates how these combinations lead to appearance satisfaction or dissatisfaction, with special attention to the role of LBT identity and race and class privilege. We underscore the value of QCA for uncovering multiple ‘pathways’ to body image.


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