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Be My Partner, and I Will Be Yours: Faith and Family Work in Early Marriage
Unformatted Document Text:  arrangements for household work as somewhat fair to them. This average changes little in Model 2 (when marriage type is introduced as a level 2 predictor) or in Model 3 (when race and education are added as level 2 predictors). In the full model, however, the average increases by three-tenths of a point to 2.292, a slight increase in perceived fairness among wives. Still, it seems that most wives see the arrangement of household work as somewhat fair to them. Does religious commitment influence perceptions of fairness between wives? Model 1 suggests that it does; those who are more religious are also more likely to perceive the division of household chores as fair ( β 01 = 0.107). This relationship persists, and strengthens slightly, when marriage type, race, and education are added in Models 2 & 3 ( β 01 = 0.111 in Model 2 & β 01 = 0.125 in Model 3). Once the additional level-1 predictors are added in Model 4, however, the relationship weakens to β 01 = 0.072 but remains statistically significant. How strong is this relationship? The wife whose religious commitment is one standard deviation above the mean (0.96 points) perceives the fairness of the division of household labor as 0.069 points higher than the “average” wife. That is, compared to the wife with average levels of religious commitment, the perceived fairness of the more religious wife would be 2.26 (vs. 2.19), merely 7.5% of one standard deviation in perceived fairness. Thus, although differences religious commitment are related to differences in perceived fairness among wives, their relationship is fairly weak. Do other factors predict differences between wives in their perceptions of the fairness of household work? Examination of Models 2 through 4 indicates that neither marriage type nor race are significantly related to wives’ perceptions of fairness. Even when included in the full model, beliefs about gender and marriage also are not related to perceived fairness among wives. Yet several factors do matter. The share of household work that wives perform is a strong predictor of their perceptions of the fairness of household work ( β 0,10 = -1.482), as is their share of paid work ( β 09 = -0.313). Thus, wives who take more responsibility for household work than their peers, as well as those who take more responsibility for paid work, have lower perceptions of the fairness of household work. The presence of preschoolers also effects perceptions of fairness; wives in households with preschoolers are less likely to Julia Wilson 10

Authors: Wilson, Julia.
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arrangements for household work as somewhat fair to them. This average changes little in Model 2
(when marriage type is introduced as a level 2 predictor) or in Model 3 (when race and education are
added as level 2 predictors). In the full model, however, the average increases by three-tenths of a point
to 2.292, a slight increase in perceived fairness among wives. Still, it seems that most wives see the
arrangement of household work as somewhat fair to them.
Does religious commitment influence perceptions of fairness between wives? Model 1 suggests
that it does; those who are more religious are also more likely to perceive the division of household
chores as fair (
β
01
= 0.107). This relationship persists, and strengthens slightly, when marriage type,
race, and education are added in Models 2 & 3 (
β
01
= 0.111 in Model 2 &
β
01
= 0.125 in Model 3). Once
the additional level-1 predictors are added in Model 4, however, the relationship weakens to
β
01
= 0.072
but remains statistically significant.
How strong is this relationship? The wife whose religious commitment is one standard deviation
above the mean (0.96 points) perceives the fairness of the division of household labor as 0.069 points
higher than the “average” wife. That is, compared to the wife with average levels of religious
commitment, the perceived fairness of the more religious wife would be 2.26 (vs. 2.19), merely 7.5% of
one standard deviation in perceived fairness. Thus, although differences religious commitment are
related to differences in perceived fairness among wives, their relationship is fairly weak.
Do other factors predict differences between wives in their perceptions of the fairness of
household work? Examination of Models 2 through 4 indicates that neither marriage type nor race are
significantly related to wives’ perceptions of fairness. Even when included in the full model, beliefs
about gender and marriage also are not related to perceived fairness among wives. Yet several factors do
matter. The share of household work that wives perform is a strong predictor of their perceptions of the
fairness of household work (
β
0,10
= -1.482), as is their share of paid work (
β
09
= -0.313). Thus, wives who
take more responsibility for household work than their peers, as well as those who take more
responsibility for paid work, have lower perceptions of the fairness of household work. The presence of
preschoolers also effects perceptions of fairness; wives in households with preschoolers are less likely to
Julia Wilson
10


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