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Gated Communities and Spatial Inequality
Unformatted Document Text:  Table 1. Characteristics of Gated Community Residents vs. Non-gated Residents, By Tenure, in the South and West Regions of U.S., AHS 2001. Characteristics Owners Renters Gated Nongated Gated Nongated Socio-Demographic Characteristics Median age of householder 53.0 50.0 39.0 39.0 Male (%) 59.7 64.0 55.0 51.9 Married (%) 62.5 65.9 36.4 37.0 Foreign born (%) 17.3 12.4 28.2 22.3 Median household income ($) 56,000 54,800 33,000 32,000 Race of householder (%) White (Non-Hispanic) 75.7 73.7 48.3 54.1 Black (Non-Hispanic) 4.8 10.3 16.5 17.7 Asian 6.2 3.8 9.9 5.5 Hispanic 12.5 11.2 22.7 20.9 Other 0.9 1.0 2.6 1.9 Social class (based on family income) Lower Class (< $26,999) 24.9 24.6 44.5 45.5 Middle Class ($27,000-$72,999) 37.9 41.5 43.2 45.0 Upper Class ($73,000 and more) 37.2 33.9 12.3 9.4 Educational Attainment (%) Less than high school degree 10.0 15.4 18.6 22.8 High school degree 16.7 23.6 22.4 24.3 Some college, no degree 32.6 29.3 31.9 28.9 Bachelor's or advanced degree 40.8 31.7 27.1 24.0 Housing Characteristics Median housing value/monthly rent ($) 170,000 136,000 661 600 Median number of bedrooms 3 3 2 2 Median year unit built 1985 1970 1975 1960 Mean household size 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.6 23

Authors: Vesselinov, Elena. and Cazessus, Matthew.
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Table 1. Characteristics of Gated Community Residents vs. Non-gated Residents, By
Tenure, in the South and West Regions of U.S., AHS 2001.
Characteristics
Owners
Renters
Gated
Nongated
Gated
Nongated
Socio-Demographic Characteristics
Median age of householder
53.0
50.0
39.0
39.0
Male (%)
59.7
64.0
55.0
51.9
Married (%)
62.5
65.9
36.4
37.0
Foreign born (%)
17.3
12.4
28.2
22.3
Median household income ($)
56,000
54,800
33,000
32,000
Race of householder (%)
White (Non-Hispanic)
75.7
73.7
48.3
54.1
Black (Non-Hispanic)
4.8
10.3
16.5
17.7
Asian
6.2
3.8
9.9
5.5
Hispanic
12.5
11.2
22.7
20.9
Other
0.9
1.0
2.6
1.9
Social class (based on family income)
Lower Class (< $26,999)
24.9
24.6
44.5
45.5
Middle Class ($27,000-$72,999)
37.9
41.5
43.2
45.0
Upper Class ($73,000 and more)
37.2
33.9
12.3
9.4
Educational Attainment (%)
Less than high school degree
10.0
15.4
18.6
22.8
High school degree
16.7
23.6
22.4
24.3
Some college, no degree
32.6
29.3
31.9
28.9
Bachelor's or advanced degree
40.8
31.7
27.1
24.0
Housing Characteristics
Median housing value/monthly rent ($)
170,000
136,000
661
600
Median number of bedrooms
3
3
2
2
Median year unit built
1985
1970
1975
1960
Mean household size
2.4
2.7
2.3
2.6
23


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