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Youth Activism and Youth Development among African American Youth in Urban Communities

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Abstract:

There is a growing interest among youth development researchers about the relationship between the young people’s individual developmental needs and the crucial roles they play as civic actors. Increased interest in civic participation, particularly among youth, is largely encouraged by concerns raised by Putnam, who believes that America is experiencing dangerously low levels of civic, community and political participation (Putnam 2000). Civic engagement or civic participation can be described as a range of activities that strengthen social ties, builds collective responsibility and benefits society as a whole. Putnam noted, that 20-year-olds today are 50 percent- less likely to vote than 20-year-olds 60 years ago and therefore much less likely to participate in other forms of civic activities. However, there is growing evidence that supports the idea that young people in low-income communities are increasingly participating in civic and political activities.

This paper is guided by three objectives. First this paper builds knowledge through qualitative investigation about how youth in urban neighborhoods develop political awareness and participate in civic activities. The study details the community, familial, peer group and social influences on political and civic participation among African American youth ages of 15 and 25 develop in Oakland, California. Second the paper document interventions and organizational practices in schools, community centers, churches that shape civic and political participation. Third the paper advances sociological theory regarding youth political engagement by developing a framework that deepens our understanding of the relationship between urban environments and the development of political ideas among youth.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

youth (255), develop (133), communiti (121), polit (117), social (112), civic (78), organ (68), school (62), particip (59), young (57), activ (55), chang (53), peopl (49), build (41), issu (41), process (39), support (33), new (31), urban (31), engag (31), opportun (31),

Author's Keywords:

Youth activism, youth development, youth, urban, African American
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p106524_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ginwright, Shawn. "Youth Activism and Youth Development among African American Youth in Urban Communities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p106524_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ginwright, S. A. , 2003-08-16 "Youth Activism and Youth Development among African American Youth in Urban Communities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p106524_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is a growing interest among youth development researchers about the relationship between the young people’s individual developmental needs and the crucial roles they play as civic actors. Increased interest in civic participation, particularly among youth, is largely encouraged by concerns raised by Putnam, who believes that America is experiencing dangerously low levels of civic, community and political participation (Putnam 2000). Civic engagement or civic participation can be described as a range of activities that strengthen social ties, builds collective responsibility and benefits society as a whole. Putnam noted, that 20-year-olds today are 50 percent- less likely to vote than 20-year-olds 60 years ago and therefore much less likely to participate in other forms of civic activities. However, there is growing evidence that supports the idea that young people in low-income communities are increasingly participating in civic and political activities.

This paper is guided by three objectives. First this paper builds knowledge through qualitative investigation about how youth in urban neighborhoods develop political awareness and participate in civic activities. The study details the community, familial, peer group and social influences on political and civic participation among African American youth ages of 15 and 25 develop in Oakland, California. Second the paper document interventions and organizational practices in schools, community centers, churches that shape civic and political participation. Third the paper advances sociological theory regarding youth political engagement by developing a framework that deepens our understanding of the relationship between urban environments and the development of political ideas among youth.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 20
Word count: 9650
Text sample:
Youth Activism and Youth Development among African American Urban Youth I. Background & Rationale There is a growing interest among youth development researchers about the relationship between the young people’s individual developmental needs and the crucial roles they play as civic actors (Irby et al. 2001; Mohamed and Wheeler 2001; Yates and Youniss 1999; Youniss et al. 2002). Increased interest in civic participation particularly among youth is largely encouraged by concerns raised by Putnam who believes that America is
James Youniss 1998 "Community Service and Political Identity Development in Adolescence." Journal of Social Issues 54:493-512. Yates Miranda and James Youniss eds. 1999 Roots of Civic Identity: International perspectives on community service and youth activism. New York: Cambridge University Press. Youniss James Jeffrey A. McLellan and Miranda Yates 1997 "What We Know About Engendering Civic Identity." American Behavioral Scientist 40:620-631. Youniss James Susan Bales Verona Christmas-Best Marcelo Diversi Milbrey W. McLaughlin and Rainer Silbereisen 2002 "Youth Civic Engagement in


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