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The Impact of Public Self-Consciousness, Embarrassability, and Peer Drinking on Alcohol Use Among College Students

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Abstract:

The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of public self-consciousness and a cross-situational reactivity to embarrassing encounters on alcohol consumption among college students. Extending prior analyses of the relationship between public self-awareness and alcohol use, we examined the role of perceived peer drinking as a potential conditioning variable. Drawing on the central tenets of tension-reduction and self-presentational models, we tested competing sets of hypotheses concerning the relationship between beliefs about normative drinking practices, public self-consciousness, embarrassability, and drinking behavior. The analysis of self-report data from two undergraduate samples (n=276 and n=149) suggested that public self-consciousness and embarrassability affect alcohol use primarily among students with friends who drink heavily. Among these individuals, embarrassability moderated the public self-consciousness-alcohol use relationship in a manner consistent with the predictions of self-presentational theories. While individuals high in public self-consciousness who exhibited little reactivity to embarrassing situations were heavy drinkers, public self-consciousness was associated with low levels of alcohol consumption among students high in embarrassability. Neither set of analyses supported the tension-reduction hypothesis.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

self (127), drink (112), alcohol (97), public (71), conscious (69), embarrass (67), self-consci (58), use (57), social (54), student (53), among (47), sampl (44), high (43), emb (36), friend (34), psc (34), level (30), individu (29), 1 (29), studi (28), low (27),

Author's Keywords:

alcohol use, college students, self-awareness, embarrassability, self-presentational strategies
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Name: American Sociological Association
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MLA Citation:

Crawford, Lizabeth. and Novak, Katherine. "The Impact of Public Self-Consciousness, Embarrassability, and Peer Drinking on Alcohol Use Among College Students" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p107514_index.html>

APA Citation:

Crawford, L. A. and Novak, K. B. , 2003-08-16 "The Impact of Public Self-Consciousness, Embarrassability, and Peer Drinking on Alcohol Use Among College Students" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p107514_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of public self-consciousness and a cross-situational reactivity to embarrassing encounters on alcohol consumption among college students. Extending prior analyses of the relationship between public self-awareness and alcohol use, we examined the role of perceived peer drinking as a potential conditioning variable. Drawing on the central tenets of tension-reduction and self-presentational models, we tested competing sets of hypotheses concerning the relationship between beliefs about normative drinking practices, public self-consciousness, embarrassability, and drinking behavior. The analysis of self-report data from two undergraduate samples (n=276 and n=149) suggested that public self-consciousness and embarrassability affect alcohol use primarily among students with friends who drink heavily. Among these individuals, embarrassability moderated the public self-consciousness-alcohol use relationship in a manner consistent with the predictions of self-presentational theories. While individuals high in public self-consciousness who exhibited little reactivity to embarrassing situations were heavy drinkers, public self-consciousness was associated with low levels of alcohol consumption among students high in embarrassability. Neither set of analyses supported the tension-reduction hypothesis.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 27
Word count: 5922
Text sample:
The Impact of Public Self-Consciousness Embarrassabilitiy and Peer Drinking on Alcohol Use Among College Students: Tension Reduction or Protective Self-Presentation? Lizabeth A. Crawford Katherine B. Novak Bradley University Butler University Abstract The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of public self-consciousness and a cross-situational reactivity to embarrassing encounters on alcohol consumption among college students. Extending prior analyses of the relationship between public self-awareness and alcohol use we examined the role of perceived peer drinking as a
3.50 3.00 2.50 Low EMB High EMB 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Low High Public Self-Consciousness


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