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Work-Family Conflict in Dual-Earner Couples: The Effect of Joint Working Time and Family Life Stage

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Abstract:

How does the combined working time of dual-earner couples affect the work-family conflict of men and women in these relationships? Does this effect vary by family life stage? This study draws on data from the 1997 National Study of the Changing Workforce to answer these questions. I find that work-family conflict increases among men and women as the couple’s joint hours of paid labor rises. Furthermore, women, but not men, are affected by the ratio of their own employment hours to those of their husbands. Finally, parents report significantly higher levels of work-family conflict than do non-parents; I find some evidence that this effect varies by the age of the youngest child in the home. Future research using couples as the unit of analysis and longitudinally examining families over the life course is suggested.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

famili (171), work (170), conflict (82), women (68), work-famili (57), children (50), men (47), time (44), life (41), age (36), coupl (35), hour (34), labor (26), research (25), level (24), earner (23), report (23), signific (23), analys (22), employ (22), individu (20),

Author's Keywords:

work-family conflict, families, gender, working time
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Winslow, Sarah. "Work-Family Conflict in Dual-Earner Couples: The Effect of Joint Working Time and Family Life Stage" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p107720_index.html>

APA Citation:

Winslow, S. E. , 2003-08-16 "Work-Family Conflict in Dual-Earner Couples: The Effect of Joint Working Time and Family Life Stage" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p107720_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: How does the combined working time of dual-earner couples affect the work-family conflict of men and women in these relationships? Does this effect vary by family life stage? This study draws on data from the 1997 National Study of the Changing Workforce to answer these questions. I find that work-family conflict increases among men and women as the couple’s joint hours of paid labor rises. Furthermore, women, but not men, are affected by the ratio of their own employment hours to those of their husbands. Finally, parents report significantly higher levels of work-family conflict than do non-parents; I find some evidence that this effect varies by the age of the youngest child in the home. Future research using couples as the unit of analysis and longitudinally examining families over the life course is suggested.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 16
Word count: 5465
Text sample:
Substantial changes in both family composition and workforce demographics have occurred in recent decades. Women’s labor force participation rates have risen considerably; this is especially the case for women with children. Since 1960 married women with children have almost tripled their participation in paid labor; in 2001 69.6 percent of all married mothers with children under 18 were in the labor force (Anderson 1997; Bureau of Labor Statistics 2002). These shifts in female labor force participation have also profoundly
Center Working Paper #02-21. Pleck J.H. (1985). Working Wives Working Husbands. Beverly Hills CA: Sage. Radcliffe Public Policy Center. (2000). Life’s Work: Generational Attitudes toward Work and Life Integration. Robinson J.P. and Godbey G. (1997). Time for Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time. University Park PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. Spain Daphne and Suzanne M. Bianchi. (1996). Balancing Act: Motherhood Marriage and Employment among American Women. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Yogev Sara and Jeanne Brett. (1985).


Similar Titles:
Job Satisfaction Among Dual-Earner Men and Women: The Influence of Self-Reported and Partner-Reported Perceptions of Work-to-Family Spillover

Why Don't They Work? The Role of Time Constraints, Relative Resources, and Gender Ideology in Dual-earner Family Health Care Behaviors


 
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