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The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes

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Abstract:

We articulate a theory of scientific and technical human capital, and argue that it provides a way to understand differences between and among academic scientists. We use human, social, life course, and social network theory to argue that scientists vary in their individual science-related human and social endowments, and that this variation creates greater and lesser degrees of scientific capacity which are then brought to the individualís career and, ultimately, to science itself. Because this form of capital is dynamic, it is both an input and a product of the scientific enterprise, continually evolving over the course of a scientistís career. Using a nationally representative sample of academic scientists, we operationalize the S&T human capital construct, and demonstrate how it affects career outcomes of scientists.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

capit (43), human (39), social (36), scientif (32), career (25), scienc (24), scientist (23), research (21), network (18), univers (18), academ (17), technic (17), use (14), measur (14), knowledg (14), sampl (12), sociolog (12), bozeman (12), collabor (12), figur (12), american (10),

Author's Keywords:

scientific careers, human capital, social capital
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Gaughan, Monica. and Bozeman, Barry. "The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108374_index.html>

APA Citation:

Gaughan, M. and Bozeman, B. , 2004-08-14 "The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108374_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We articulate a theory of scientific and technical human capital, and argue that it provides a way to understand differences between and among academic scientists. We use human, social, life course, and social network theory to argue that scientists vary in their individual science-related human and social endowments, and that this variation creates greater and lesser degrees of scientific capacity which are then brought to the individualís career and, ultimately, to science itself. Because this form of capital is dynamic, it is both an input and a product of the scientific enterprise, continually evolving over the course of a scientistís career. Using a nationally representative sample of academic scientists, we operationalize the S&T human capital construct, and demonstrate how it affects career outcomes of scientists.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 18
Word count: 2707
Text sample:
The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes Monica Gaughan and Barry Bozeman Georgia Institute of Technology School of Public Policy 685 Cherry Street NW Atlanta Georgia 30332-0345 Submitted for presentation consideration at the 2004 American Sociological Association Meetings San Francisco California August 14-17 2004 The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes Monica Gaughan and Barry Bozeman ABSTRACT We articulate a theory of scientific and technical human capital and argue
Craft Knowledge STHC Craft Knowledge Grantsmanship Human Project Collaboration Intersectoral Management Management Figure 6 Scientific and Technical Human Capital Concept: Resources STHC Resources Collaborators Labor Center Industry Ties University/ Grants Power Activity Department Resources


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