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A Brief History of Public Housing

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Abstract:

In this paper, I will briefly discuss the background and origins of the federal public housing program. The federal public housing program has the reputation as being a decaying dumping ground for housing some of the poorest families in the US. In fact, this short history will show that program has evolved significantly over time, but was rooted in a very idealistic and paternalistic view of helping the working class, not necessarily the worst off segments of society. The purpose of public housing, as well as the financing and design, has changed greatly since the passage of the 1937 Housing Act. Public housing was originally built on a relatively small scale as two and three story walk-ups and garden apartments, which were financed through bond initiatives and operated by setting rents to cover costs. Beginning in the 1950s, high-rise building styles dominated the program. High rises failed for families, in most cases, but served the elderly well. By the 1970s rents were tied to incomes, tenants were more often poor and a financing gap emerged, which led to the deterioration of many units. Today, the federal government is no longer in the business of financing this style of public housing, but a similar goal is met, possibly less effectively, through the low income housing tax credit program.

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hous (210), public (109), incom (39), program (36), develop (33), unit (31), design (27), new (27), low (25), rent (25), feder (24), urban (22), cost (21), famili (21), 1995 (21), mani (20), rise (19), build (19), author (19), high (19), j (18),

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public housing, social policy
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Stoloff, Jennifer. "A Brief History of Public Housing" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108852_index.html>

APA Citation:

Stoloff, J. A. , 2004-08-14 "A Brief History of Public Housing" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108852_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this paper, I will briefly discuss the background and origins of the federal public housing program. The federal public housing program has the reputation as being a decaying dumping ground for housing some of the poorest families in the US. In fact, this short history will show that program has evolved significantly over time, but was rooted in a very idealistic and paternalistic view of helping the working class, not necessarily the worst off segments of society. The purpose of public housing, as well as the financing and design, has changed greatly since the passage of the 1937 Housing Act. Public housing was originally built on a relatively small scale as two and three story walk-ups and garden apartments, which were financed through bond initiatives and operated by setting rents to cover costs. Beginning in the 1950s, high-rise building styles dominated the program. High rises failed for families, in most cases, but served the elderly well. By the 1970s rents were tied to incomes, tenants were more often poor and a financing gap emerged, which led to the deterioration of many units. Today, the federal government is no longer in the business of financing this style of public housing, but a similar goal is met, possibly less effectively, through the low income housing tax credit program.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 25
Word count: 5739
Text sample:
A Brief History of Public Housing JA Stoloff US Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Policy Development and Research 451 7th St. SW Room 8140 Washington DC 20410 (202) 708-3700 x5723 stoloff@hud.gov ABSTRACT JA Stoloff: A Brief History of Public Housing In this paper I will briefly discuss the background and origins of the federal public housing program. The federal public housing program has the reputation as being a decaying dumping ground for housing some of the
Public Housing in a Revitalized National Housing Policy. Building Foundations: Housing and Federal Policy. D. DiPasquale and L. C. Keyes. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press: 333-364. Teaford J. C. (2000). “Urban Renewal and Its Aftermath.” Housing Policy Debate 11(2): 443-465. -22- United States (1937). “United States Housing Act of 1937.” 50(Part 1). United States (1949). “United States Housing Act of 1949.” 63(Part 1). von Hoffman A. (2000). Why They Built Pruitt-Igoe. From Tenements to the Taylor Homes. J. F.


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