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Exploring the Modified Labeling Theory of Mental Illness Using Affect Control Theory Measures and Predictions

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Abstract:

Using new measures and some new techniques, we investigate several research questions derived from the modified labeling theory of mental illness. We operationalize stigma beliefs–the expectation that individuals will devalue and discriminate against mental patients–using the evaluation, potency, and activity (EPA) of the identity a mentally ill person. We then examine the relationship between stigma beliefs and the EPA of two self-identities among individuals recently diagnosed with a mental illness (focal respondents) and among individuals on whom these patients rely for support (network respondents). As expected, stigma beliefs are positively related to several dimensions of self-meaning among most focal respondents. Also as predicted, stigma beliefs are unrelated to four of the six dimensions of self-meaning among network respondents. Unexpectedly, however, the beliefs are positively related to two of the network respondents’ self-meanings. We also explore some labeling theory hypotheses using Interact, a computerized version of affect control theory. The simulations consistently support the prediction that the likelihood of social rejection increases after others gain knowledge of an individual’s status as a mental patient. However, they provide less consistent support for the modified labeling theory prediction that mental patients’ stigma beliefs are positively related to their use of the coping behaviors of withdrawing from social interaction, concealing treatment history, and educating others about mental illness.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

mental (221), ill (154), respond (134), person (121), evalu (99), self (96), mean (93), focal (86), neighbor (86), potenc (80), interact (79), activ (74), affect (70), disord (68), ident (64), use (54), behavior (51), relat (47), theori (47), posit (47), epa (46),

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affect control theory, modified labeling theory of mental illness, self-meaning, stigma
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Name: American Sociological Association
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MLA Citation:

Kroska, Amy. and Harkness, Sarah. "Exploring the Modified Labeling Theory of Mental Illness Using Affect Control Theory Measures and Predictions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110021_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kroska, A. and Harkness, S. , 2004-08-14 "Exploring the Modified Labeling Theory of Mental Illness Using Affect Control Theory Measures and Predictions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110021_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using new measures and some new techniques, we investigate several research questions derived from the modified labeling theory of mental illness. We operationalize stigma beliefs–the expectation that individuals will devalue and discriminate against mental patients–using the evaluation, potency, and activity (EPA) of the identity a mentally ill person. We then examine the relationship between stigma beliefs and the EPA of two self-identities among individuals recently diagnosed with a mental illness (focal respondents) and among individuals on whom these patients rely for support (network respondents). As expected, stigma beliefs are positively related to several dimensions of self-meaning among most focal respondents. Also as predicted, stigma beliefs are unrelated to four of the six dimensions of self-meaning among network respondents. Unexpectedly, however, the beliefs are positively related to two of the network respondents’ self-meanings. We also explore some labeling theory hypotheses using Interact, a computerized version of affect control theory. The simulations consistently support the prediction that the likelihood of social rejection increases after others gain knowledge of an individual’s status as a mental patient. However, they provide less consistent support for the modified labeling theory prediction that mental patients’ stigma beliefs are positively related to their use of the coping behaviors of withdrawing from social interaction, concealing treatment history, and educating others about mental illness.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 45
Word count: 11519
Text sample:
Exploring the Modified Labeling Theory of Mental Illness using Affect Control Theory Measures and Predictions Amy Kroska Department of Sociology Kent State University Kent OH 44242 akroska@kent.edu Ph: (330) 672-9474 Fax: (330) 672-4724 Sarah Harkness Bernice Pescosolido Department of Sociology Department of Sociology Kent State University Indiana University Kent OH 44242 Bloomington IN 47405 sharknes@kent.edu pescosol@indiana.edu 1 ABSTRACT Using new measures and some new techniques we investigate several research questions derived from the modified labeling theory of mental illness.
quiet examine mental neighbor q watch case implore extol case q question FR’s myself implore curry favor neighbor myself consult with touch neighbor myself o from harangue feed something to n lecture draw near to neighbor’s neighbor quiet examine mental neighbor quiet examine mental neighbor ex watch eye case silence case q


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