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O.S.S. & the Frankfurt School: Recycling 'the damaged lives of cultural outsiders'

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Abstract:

American intelligence agencies during World War II
recycled European sociologists and psychologists
to analyze German radio propaganda, study American radio music and programming to boost morale at home and to psychoanalyze Hitler. Frankfurt School sociologists Teodor Adorno, Paul Lazarsfeld, Herta Herzog, who along with Erich Fromm, originally worked on Adorno's classic The Authoritarian Personality were involved in the Princeton Radio Project, which
later morphed into Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Research. Lazarsfeld, Adorno and Herzog did research on American radio for OWI/ONI. Sociologists Herbert Marcuse and Hans Speier, as well as psychologist Ernst Kris worked for OSS. The work of Erik Erikson was also utilized by American intelligence. How the theories of these radical refugee scholars was used by military intelligence will be discussed.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

o.s.s (75), hitler (53), jung (41), radio (38), social (38), war (37), research (35), german (32), school (30), murray (29), new (26), intellig (25), erikson (25), studi (24), psycholog (23), adorno (23), p (23), lazarsfeld (22), henri (21), univers (19), offic (19),

Author's Keywords:

O.S.S., military intelligence, Frankfurt School, radio propaganda, psychoanalysis of Hitler's mind
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Cavin, Susan. "O.S.S. & the Frankfurt School: Recycling 'the damaged lives of cultural outsiders'" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110188_index.html>

APA Citation:

Cavin, S. E. , 2004-08-14 "O.S.S. & the Frankfurt School: Recycling 'the damaged lives of cultural outsiders'" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110188_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: American intelligence agencies during World War II
recycled European sociologists and psychologists
to analyze German radio propaganda, study American radio music and programming to boost morale at home and to psychoanalyze Hitler. Frankfurt School sociologists Teodor Adorno, Paul Lazarsfeld, Herta Herzog, who along with Erich Fromm, originally worked on Adorno's classic The Authoritarian Personality were involved in the Princeton Radio Project, which
later morphed into Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Research. Lazarsfeld, Adorno and Herzog did research on American radio for OWI/ONI. Sociologists Herbert Marcuse and Hans Speier, as well as psychologist Ernst Kris worked for OSS. The work of Erik Erikson was also utilized by American intelligence. How the theories of these radical refugee scholars was used by military intelligence will be discussed.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 20
Word count: 5807
Text sample:
OSS & the Frankfurt School: Recyling the “damaged lives of cultural outsiders” by Susan Cavin Ph.D. Adjunct Associate Professor of Sociology New York University The relationship between sociology psychology and O.S.S. espionage represents one of the most fascinating but closeted triangles in recent American intellectual history. O.S.S. was laughingly referred to as “Oh So Social” because its ranks were filled with upper class old boys and society girls. In a period that spanned only four years (1941-1945) the O.S.S.
A. Murray by Richard Evans 1964 videotape series with Carl Jung Gordon Allport Erik Erikson.. See also Murray and G>W. Allport’s report on Hitler’s mind in OSS files at the National Archives NARA RG226 Entry 92. xxxiii Henry Murray Assessment of Men: Selection of Personnel for the Office of Strategic Services. The O.S.S. Assessment Staff (1948) (New York: Rinehart 1948 p. vii. xxxiv Henry A. Murray Walter Charles Langer Ernsty Kris Bertram D. Lewin. A psychological analysis of Adolph


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