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Residence Hall Segregation and Roommate Assignment as Determinants of Interracial Friendship among First-Year College Students

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Abstract:

The college campus gives students the freedom to explore friendships in a diverse age-homogeneous society of scholars, but this freedom occurs within the constraints of the university as an institution. The institution can influence interracial friendship formation using residence hall segregation and roommate assignments to maximize interracial exposure in residence halls. Proximity of interracial potential ties around campus, in residence halls, and in the dorm room influence the inter-group propinquity in the freshman student population. The residential university provides the opportunity for repeated contact in local communities and campus social areas, a necessary antecedent to friendship. This study examines the extent to which residence hall segregation affects friendship segregation on a first-year student campus. Using data from a panel study of campus life at an elite university, this study finds that interracial exposure is a key factor in interracial friendship for minority students, but white students form friendship without regard for residential segregation. Both white and minority students find interracial roommate assignments a strong source for out-group friendship. Measures of weak ties find that minority students explore other residence halls to seek out same-race potential ties.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

student (200), resid (110), hall (108), roommat (98), friendship (80), group (70), white (62), interraci (48), friend (44), campus (41), minor (40), effect (39), race (38), social (37), tie (37), segreg (35), residenti (33), studi (33), network (32), first (29), composit (29),

Author's Keywords:

social networks, higher education, friendship, race
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Tyson, Will. "Residence Hall Segregation and Roommate Assignment as Determinants of Interracial Friendship among First-Year College Students" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110265_index.html>

APA Citation:

Tyson, W. , 2004-08-14 "Residence Hall Segregation and Roommate Assignment as Determinants of Interracial Friendship among First-Year College Students" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110265_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The college campus gives students the freedom to explore friendships in a diverse age-homogeneous society of scholars, but this freedom occurs within the constraints of the university as an institution. The institution can influence interracial friendship formation using residence hall segregation and roommate assignments to maximize interracial exposure in residence halls. Proximity of interracial potential ties around campus, in residence halls, and in the dorm room influence the inter-group propinquity in the freshman student population. The residential university provides the opportunity for repeated contact in local communities and campus social areas, a necessary antecedent to friendship. This study examines the extent to which residence hall segregation affects friendship segregation on a first-year student campus. Using data from a panel study of campus life at an elite university, this study finds that interracial exposure is a key factor in interracial friendship for minority students, but white students form friendship without regard for residential segregation. Both white and minority students find interracial roommate assignments a strong source for out-group friendship. Measures of weak ties find that minority students explore other residence halls to seek out same-race potential ties.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 21
Word count: 6053
Text sample:
Residence Hall Segregation and Roommate Assignment as Determinants of Interracial Friendship Among First-Year College Students Will Tyson Department of Sociology Duke University E-mail: wtyson@soc.duke.edu January 15 2004 Submitted for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association August 14-17 2003 in San Francisco California. Please do not cite without the permission of the author. Data for this paper is provided by the Campus Life and Learning Project funded by grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The
Friendship Formation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32(2):205-13. Pascerella Ernest T. Patrick T. Terenzini and Gregory S. Blimling. 1994. "The Impact of Residential Life on Students." Pp. 22-52 in Realizing the Educational Potential of Residence Halls editors Charles C. Schoeder and Phyllis Mable. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass. Pettigrew Thomas F. 1998. "Intergroup Contact Theory." Annual Review of Psychology 49(1):65-85. Winston Roger B. and Scott A. Anchors editors. 1993. Student Housing and Residential Life: A Handbook for Professional Committed


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