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Gender Differences in Earnings of Local Elites
Unformatted Document Text:  18 elites are making great gains in educational attainment, male and female elites share a similar drive for success, and female elites are sacrificing their family lives in favor of their professional status. Previous literature has found these characteristics to vast implications on earnings. We use OLS regression to explore the impact of these characteristics both overall and within the gender groups (see Table 2). Characteristics Interestingly none of the social background characteristics, including race, religion, father’s education, and attending a private high school, had a significant impact on earnings. The analysis within gender groups was not noticeably different from the overall results for these variables. In addition, for both the overall results and the within group models, educational attainment does significantly affect elite earnings. Further, our measures of professional dedication do not have significant effects on earnings. Though one would think that early involvement in employment, and greater adult integration in the community as a leader would lead to higher earnings for elites, our analysis finds no significant effect. For our familial life- course characteristics, our overall group results suggest that having ever been married has a slightly significant positive effect on earnings. Although we expected familial life-course characteristics to matter more for elite women’s earnings, we find no significant effect on earnings for the within group results. Sadly, although a large proportion of the female elites in our sample are sacrificing family life, these sacrifices do not appear to lead to higher earnings. However, although age has no effect overall, it is the only strong significant indicator of earnings in this analysis. As women age their earnings increase, though younger men appear to have higher earnings than older men. Therefore, it appears that gender equality in earnings for community elites will only be achieved over time.

Authors: Yamokoski, Alexis. and Bradley, Sara.
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18
elites are making great gains in educational attainment, male and female elites share a similar
drive for success, and female elites are sacrificing their family lives in favor of their professional
status. Previous literature has found these characteristics to vast implications on earnings. We
use OLS regression to explore the impact of these characteristics both overall and within the
gender groups (see Table 2).
Characteristics
Interestingly none of the social background characteristics, including race, religion,
father’s education, and attending a private high school, had a significant impact on earnings. The
analysis within gender groups was not noticeably different from the overall results for these
variables. In addition, for both the overall results and the within group models, educational
attainment does significantly affect elite earnings. Further, our measures of professional
dedication do not have significant effects on earnings. Though one would think that early
involvement in employment, and greater adult integration in the community as a leader would
lead to higher earnings for elites, our analysis finds no significant effect. For our familial life-
course characteristics, our overall group results suggest that having ever been married has a
slightly significant positive effect on earnings. Although we expected familial life-course
characteristics to matter more for elite women’s earnings, we find no significant effect on
earnings for the within group results. Sadly, although a large proportion of the female elites in
our sample are sacrificing family life, these sacrifices do not appear to lead to higher earnings.
However, although age has no effect overall, it is the only strong significant indicator of earnings
in this analysis. As women age their earnings increase, though younger men appear to have
higher earnings than older men. Therefore, it appears that gender equality in earnings for
community elites will only be achieved over time.


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