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Exploratory Study on Social Contagion of Crime: Results from Chicago homicide data from 1998 to 2001

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Abstract:

Contagion can be defined as a process by which a disease, behavior, or mood transmits from one person to the next. Following a few pioneering studies on the contagious nature of violence, prolific efforts have evolved to understand the temporal fluctuations or spatial spread of crime. Despite a growing interest in social contagion, existent research has been neglectful of the linkage between theoretical accounts of social contagion and empirical evidence supporting temporal fluctuations or spatial distribution of crime. The current paper examines one of the mechanisms by which social contagion of crime can be further elaborated. The main proposition of this study is that population density, ethnic homogeneity, and the concentration of social transactions will facilitate the process of social contagion, which, in turn, explains temporal change or spatial spread of crime. Utilizing trajectory modeling and spatial econometric modeling, the study presents a theoretical framework for and empirical evidence of the contagious nature of crime.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

social (168), contagion (117), neighborhood (105), spatial (96), homicid (80), crime (70), process (65), model (62), rate (57), studi (39), contagi (33), heterogen (32), high (32), disorgan (31), tempor (28), research (26), inform (25), popul (25), ethnic (23), trajectori (23), group (22),

Author's Keywords:

contagion, violence, homicide, trajectory analysis, spatial-econometric modeling
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Name: American Sociological Association
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MLA Citation:

Kim, KiDeuk. "Exploratory Study on Social Contagion of Crime: Results from Chicago homicide data from 1998 to 2001" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110441_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kim, K. , 2004-08-14 "Exploratory Study on Social Contagion of Crime: Results from Chicago homicide data from 1998 to 2001" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110441_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Contagion can be defined as a process by which a disease, behavior, or mood transmits from one person to the next. Following a few pioneering studies on the contagious nature of violence, prolific efforts have evolved to understand the temporal fluctuations or spatial spread of crime. Despite a growing interest in social contagion, existent research has been neglectful of the linkage between theoretical accounts of social contagion and empirical evidence supporting temporal fluctuations or spatial distribution of crime. The current paper examines one of the mechanisms by which social contagion of crime can be further elaborated. The main proposition of this study is that population density, ethnic homogeneity, and the concentration of social transactions will facilitate the process of social contagion, which, in turn, explains temporal change or spatial spread of crime. Utilizing trajectory modeling and spatial econometric modeling, the study presents a theoretical framework for and empirical evidence of the contagious nature of crime.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 24
Word count: 6583
Text sample:
Exploratory Study on Social Contagion of Crime: Results from Chicago homicide data from 1998 to 2001* by KiDeuk Kim School of Criminal Justice State University of New York at Albany January 15 2004 * Address all correspondence to KiDeuk Kim School of Criminal Justice State University of New York at Albany 135 Western Ave. Albany NY 12222; e-mail: kk0308@albany.edu. Social Contagion 2 ABSTRACT Contagion can be defined as a process by which a disease behavior or mood transmits from
--- 0.206** 0.067 --- --- Autoregressive Error ( ) --- --- --- --- 0.558** 0.089 Non-monotonic Neighborhoods 15.354** 4.426 17.371** 3.961 18.012** 3.742 Constant 16.779** 4.232 12.070** 4.054 15.164** 3.883 R2 0.735 0.762 0.768 Log Likelihood -295.925 -292.035 -291.693 AIC 609.849 604.069 601.385 Note. 1- ** p < .01 * p < .05 + p < .10


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