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The Effects of Work-Based Vocational Programs on High School Completion

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Abstract:

This research looks at the educational attainment and economic outcomes of high school youth who participate in alternative high school curriculum programs. I am specifically interested in the effect of work-based vocational programs on the odds of high school graduation and college attendance, and the status and stability of the first job after leaving full-time schooling. My assertion is that these vocational programs, which have become more prominent in recent years, will serve to increase the outcomes of youth by engaging them in their schooling and presenting them with trusted, reliable information about the characteristics and actions that are necessary to be successful in the labor market. Work-based programs will likely be most beneficial to students at-risk of becoming disenchanted with mainstream educational structure or students who may not receive reliable labor market information from informal sources like friends or family. However, the programs are designed to include all students, not just those typically defined as “vocational” students. While preliminary analyses show that black students and females are more likely than whites or males to participate in work-based vocational programs they also show that participants and non-participants come from similar socio-economic backgrounds and have similar GPAs. Analyses also indicate that students participating in work-based vocational programs have higher odds of graduating high school and have higher incomes after high school than other students with similar characteristics.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

school (79), high (64), particip (47), program (46), variabl (45), educ (44), respond (42), student (40), work (38), base (31), vocat (29), work-bas (29), model (26), measur (24), degre (23), effect (22), signific (22), youth (21), like (20), background (20), differ (19),

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tracking, education, inequality, vocational education
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Name: American Sociological Association
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http://www.asanet.org


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URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110842_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Powell, Troy. "The Effects of Work-Based Vocational Programs on High School Completion" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110842_index.html>

APA Citation:

Powell, T. A. , 2004-08-14 "The Effects of Work-Based Vocational Programs on High School Completion" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110842_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This research looks at the educational attainment and economic outcomes of high school youth who participate in alternative high school curriculum programs. I am specifically interested in the effect of work-based vocational programs on the odds of high school graduation and college attendance, and the status and stability of the first job after leaving full-time schooling. My assertion is that these vocational programs, which have become more prominent in recent years, will serve to increase the outcomes of youth by engaging them in their schooling and presenting them with trusted, reliable information about the characteristics and actions that are necessary to be successful in the labor market. Work-based programs will likely be most beneficial to students at-risk of becoming disenchanted with mainstream educational structure or students who may not receive reliable labor market information from informal sources like friends or family. However, the programs are designed to include all students, not just those typically defined as “vocational” students. While preliminary analyses show that black students and females are more likely than whites or males to participate in work-based vocational programs they also show that participants and non-participants come from similar socio-economic backgrounds and have similar GPAs. Analyses also indicate that students participating in work-based vocational programs have higher odds of graduating high school and have higher incomes after high school than other students with similar characteristics.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 13
Word count: 4056
Text sample:
Troy A. Powell ASA Submission 1/15/2004 The Effects of Work-Based Vocational Programs on High School Completion Abstract This research looks at the educational attainment and economic outcomes of high school youth who participate in alternative high school curriculum programs. I am specifically interested in the effect of work-based vocational programs on the odds of high school graduation and college attendance and the status and stability of the first job after leaving full-time schooling. My assertion is that these vocational
follows an employee for one or more days to learn about an occupation or industry Mentoring A student is paired with an employee who assesses his/her performance over a period of time during which the employee helps the student master certain skills and knowledge School-Sponsored The production of goods or services by students for sale or use Enterprise by others. Enterprises typically involve students in the management of a project. Tech-Prep A planned program of study with a defined


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