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Rival Visions: Reportorial Approaches, Audience Preferences, and New Frontiers
Unformatted Document Text:  Rival Visions: Reportorial Approaches, Audience Preferences, and New Frontiers 11 1900 boasted a single drawing in its advertisement for Stereoscopic slide packages: spear-carrying Igorot warriors. 20 The misrepresentation of the broader Philippine polity inherent in the focus on “savages” served an official agenda. Differentiating Filipinos from Americans as starkly as possible served to bolster claims that “natives” were incapable of self-government and thus required American supervision. The civilizing mission, a standard justification for establishing control over — and expanding onto the lands of — non-European Others, was the reason cited by McKinley when with claimed reluctance he declared U.S. intentions to retain the Philippines. That most Filipinos were already Christians — and thus “civilized,” even if imperfectly, by Spain — may have been less widely understood than the notion that a racially different and thus inferior Other was in need of attitude correction, American-style. Worcester’s claim that the “real” Filipinos were the less numerous “wild tribes” – later known officially as the “non-Christian tribes” and gathered under his control as Minister of the Interior under that rubric – served to assert that power of control through classification. Where Barrett had appealed to Americans’ consumer sensibilities by first introducing the Philippines in terms of its comestible commodities, Worcester transformed the equation by presenting Filipinos themselves for consumption – visually, conceptually, and sometimes even literally. In one instance, he related a tale of joining for a meal Kalinga head hunters ”who cut the scalp and skull into pieces for all in the head hunting party to share as a keepsake” — or, in the case of the “very brave,” to drink the brains mixed with palm wine. Issuing a disingenuous disclaimer, he wrote, "Would that I had the words of a Kipling to describe what I saw, for if there is anything wilder to

Authors: Vaughan, Christopher.
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Rival Visions: Reportorial Approaches, Audience Preferences, and New Frontiers
11
1900 boasted a single drawing in its advertisement for Stereoscopic slide packages:
spear-carrying Igorot warriors.
20
The misrepresentation of the broader Philippine polity inherent in the focus on
“savages” served an official agenda. Differentiating Filipinos from Americans as starkly
as possible served to bolster claims that “natives” were incapable of self-government and
thus required American supervision. The civilizing mission, a standard justification for
establishing control over — and expanding onto the lands of — non-European Others,
was the reason cited by McKinley when with claimed reluctance he declared U.S.
intentions to retain the Philippines. That most Filipinos were already Christians — and
thus “civilized,” even if imperfectly, by Spain — may have been less widely understood
than the notion that a racially different and thus inferior Other was in need of attitude
correction, American-style. Worcester’s claim that the “real” Filipinos were the less
numerous “wild tribes” – later known officially as the “non-Christian tribes” and
gathered under his control as Minister of the Interior under that rubric – served to assert
that power of control through classification.
Where Barrett had appealed to Americans’ consumer sensibilities by first
introducing the Philippines in terms of its comestible commodities, Worcester
transformed the equation by presenting Filipinos themselves for consumption – visually,
conceptually, and sometimes even literally. In one instance, he related a tale of joining
for a meal Kalinga head hunters ”who cut the scalp and skull into pieces for all in the
head hunting party to share as a keepsake” — or, in the case of the “very brave,” to drink
the brains mixed with palm wine. Issuing a disingenuous disclaimer, he wrote, "Would
that I had the words of a Kipling to describe what I saw, for if there is anything wilder to


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