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Are borders only georgaphic? A case study of whether framing of women’s rights as human rights is successful at the domestic level
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing women’s rights as human rights 13 not cooperate with other NGOs from other regions and international NGOs to show the differences between de jure and de facto of the states’ actions (Kay, 2000). Many NGOs instead complain about their ineffectiveness at the domestic level and do not unite with other NGOs from their region to address the problems. More detailed analysis of such activities and NGO experiences will be provided later in this paper. In its turn, international NGOs do not see the problems of the implementation of the Platform in the countries of the former Soviet Union for two reasons: using a frame of women’s rights as human rights, local NGOs cannot clearly point out problems they face on the domestic level, and, at the same time, governments effectively answer international NGOs concerns at the international level, actively referring to this frame. Thus the framing of the issue of women rights as human rights seems to favor governments more than NGOs. Why framing of women’s rights as human rights is unsuccessful in this region? In spite of optimistic comments in the governmental reports about the emphasis on the women in development programs and international cooperation between women NGOs (Uzbekistan, 2000), modern research identifies a number of problems NGOs face in these countries when they address the issue of women rights (Buckley, 1997; Kay, 2000; Nelson, 1999; Zavadskaya, 2000). The problems can be generally identified following: a problem of NGO legitimacy in the countries of the former Soviet Union, an existence of negative social image of feminism per se and female organizations as a result, and a lack of coalition and unity among the NGOs in these countries and in the region as a whole that results in inability to apply the boomerang pattern by these NGOs.

Authors: Tsetsura, Katerina.
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Framing women’s rights as human rights
13
not cooperate with other NGOs from other regions and international NGOs to show the
differences between de jure and de facto of the states’ actions (Kay, 2000). Many NGOs instead
complain about their ineffectiveness at the domestic level and do not unite with other NGOs
from their region to address the problems. More detailed analysis of such activities and NGO
experiences will be provided later in this paper.
In its turn, international NGOs do not see the problems of the implementation of the
Platform in the countries of the former Soviet Union for two reasons: using a frame of women’s
rights as human rights, local NGOs cannot clearly point out problems they face on the domestic
level, and, at the same time, governments effectively answer international NGOs concerns at the
international level, actively referring to this frame. Thus the framing of the issue of women rights
as human rights seems to favor governments more than NGOs.
Why framing of women’s rights as human rights is unsuccessful in this region?
In spite of optimistic comments in the governmental reports about the emphasis on the
women in development programs and international cooperation between women NGOs
(Uzbekistan, 2000), modern research identifies a number of problems NGOs face in these
countries when they address the issue of women rights (Buckley, 1997; Kay, 2000; Nelson,
1999; Zavadskaya, 2000). The problems can be generally identified following: a problem of
NGO legitimacy in the countries of the former Soviet Union, an existence of negative social
image of feminism per se and female organizations as a result, and a lack of coalition and unity
among the NGOs in these countries and in the region as a whole that results in inability to apply
the boomerang pattern by these NGOs.


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