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Are borders only georgaphic? A case study of whether framing of women’s rights as human rights is successful at the domestic level
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing women’s rights as human rights 20 Usage of different politics offered by Keck and Sikkink can be particularly useful in reframing the issue. It seems that NGOs in these countries need to concentrate on two of the four politics proposed by Keck and Sikkink’s theory, informational and accountability. Messages in informational politics need to be centered not on the general Westernized statements about women’s rights but on the importance of the implementation of the Platform for Action in the specific areas, such as media portrayal of women. The area of human rights of women, originally too broad and nonspecific in the Platform, should be presented as an area of women’s right to create and maintain nongovernment organizations and actively participate in discussions about feminism in the public arena. Women’s discrimination also should be presented by NGOs through the information politics Accountability politics can be the most influential tactic used by NGOs in this region. As this paper demonstrated, governments of countries of the former Soviet Union actively promise the full implementation of the Platform when speak at the international arena. According to Keck and Sikkink’s theory, NGOs can hold States responsible for their own words and to point out where governments do not fulfill their promises. Because many governments of the former Soviet Union try to look good in the eyes of international community (Timothy & Freeman, 2000), NGOs should periodically refer to governments’ reports, compare their promises with actual outcomes, and present results of their inquiry to the international community. NGOs of this region can keep using the human rights’ frame at the international level but should definitely concentrate on specific tactics of accountability and information politics at the domestic level without referring to the women’s rights as human rights overall frame. Finally, transnational advocacy networks on women’s rights should take into consideration historical and social particularities of the development of women’s rights in these countries and allow NGOs from

Authors: Tsetsura, Katerina.
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Framing women’s rights as human rights
20
Usage of different politics offered by Keck and Sikkink can be particularly useful in
reframing the issue. It seems that NGOs in these countries need to concentrate on two of the four
politics proposed by Keck and Sikkink’s theory, informational and accountability. Messages in
informational politics need to be centered not on the general Westernized statements about
women’s rights but on the importance of the implementation of the Platform for Action in the
specific areas, such as media portrayal of women. The area of human rights of women, originally
too broad and nonspecific in the Platform, should be presented as an area of women’s right to
create and maintain nongovernment organizations and actively participate in discussions about
feminism in the public arena. Women’s discrimination also should be presented by NGOs
through the information politics
Accountability politics can be the most influential tactic used by NGOs in this region. As
this paper demonstrated, governments of countries of the former Soviet Union actively promise
the full implementation of the Platform when speak at the international arena. According to Keck
and Sikkink’s theory, NGOs can hold States responsible for their own words and to point out
where governments do not fulfill their promises. Because many governments of the former
Soviet Union try to look good in the eyes of international community (Timothy & Freeman,
2000), NGOs should periodically refer to governments’ reports, compare their promises with
actual outcomes, and present results of their inquiry to the international community. NGOs of
this region can keep using the human rights’ frame at the international level but should definitely
concentrate on specific tactics of accountability and information politics at the domestic level
without referring to the women’s rights as human rights overall frame. Finally, transnational
advocacy networks on women’s rights should take into consideration historical and social
particularities of the development of women’s rights in these countries and allow NGOs from


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