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Are borders only georgaphic? A case study of whether framing of women’s rights as human rights is successful at the domestic level
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing women’s rights as human rights 8 Framing women’s rights as human rights in countries of the former U.S.S.R. An existing frame of women’s rights as human rights used by international NGOs emphasizes the importance to recognize equal rights of women and men in states’ legislation. By consistently using this frame at the international level, NGOs can inquire how states implement the promises presented in the Platform for Action signed in Beijing in 1995. Beijing+5 activities, in particular, aimed to evaluate states’ actions in relation to the Platform, as it was proposed by NGOs (Women Action 2000, 2000). States and NGOs presented reports on the implementation of the Platform in their own countries emphasizing the achievements and obstacles they face in this process. Twelve critical areas of concern identified in the Beijing+5 documents are: women and poverty; education and training of women; women and health; violence against women; women and armed conflict; women and the economy; women in power and decision-making; institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women; human rights of women; women and the media; women and the environment; and the girl-child. These areas reflected the development of the frame of women’s rights as human rights, which was expanded by NGOs in the last decade. Human rights of women, however, is not only an area of concern but also a unified larger frame of women’s rights for all the areas. For example, there are no specific problems listed in the brochure on empowerment of women under the area of human rights of women: instead, it just says that human rights are addressed in a whole document (United Nations, 2000b). This unspecific meaning of the frame allows some states, such as states of the former Soviet Union, to talk about all twelve areas of the document as about only one area of women’s rights as human rights, which asks states to legally recognize equal rights of men and women. Since NGOs of those countries, mirroring the activities of international NGOs and NGOs in other countries, continue to frame women’s rights as human

Authors: Tsetsura, Katerina.
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Framing women’s rights as human rights
8
Framing women’s rights as human rights in countries of the former U.S.S.R.
An existing frame of women’s rights as human rights used by international NGOs
emphasizes the importance to recognize equal rights of women and men in states’ legislation. By
consistently using this frame at the international level, NGOs can inquire how states implement
the promises presented in the Platform for Action signed in Beijing in 1995. Beijing+5 activities,
in particular, aimed to evaluate states’ actions in relation to the Platform, as it was proposed by
NGOs (Women Action 2000, 2000). States and NGOs presented reports on the implementation
of the Platform in their own countries emphasizing the achievements and obstacles they face in
this process. Twelve critical areas of concern identified in the Beijing+5 documents are: women
and poverty; education and training of women; women and health; violence against women;
women and armed conflict; women and the economy; women in power and decision-making;
institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women; human rights of women; women and
the media; women and the environment; and the girl-child.
These areas reflected the development of the frame of women’s rights as human rights,
which was expanded by NGOs in the last decade. Human rights of women, however, is not only
an area of concern but also a unified larger frame of women’s rights for all the areas. For
example, there are no specific problems listed in the brochure on empowerment of women under
the area of human rights of women: instead, it just says that human rights are addressed in a
whole document (United Nations, 2000b). This unspecific meaning of the frame allows some
states, such as states of the former Soviet Union, to talk about all twelve areas of the document as
about only one area of women’s rights as human rights, which asks states to legally recognize
equal rights of men and women. Since NGOs of those countries, mirroring the activities of
international NGOs and NGOs in other countries, continue to frame women’s rights as human


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