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Risk and Efficacy as Motivators of Change: Test of the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) Framework
Unformatted Document Text:  The RPA Framework 10 dangerous and sometimes even fatal” was replaced with “effects of diabetes may be inconvenient, but not fatal.” High Efficacy. If the participant was randomly assigned to the high-efficacy condition, the participant received this message on the next screen: “There's quite a bit that you can do to change your risk of getting diabetes: 1) Exercise regularly. A regular routine of exercise has been found to be extremely useful in preventing diabetes. Physical exercise helps the body regulate its use of insulin, which can prevent diabetes. 2) Eat lots of fruits and vegetables. One of the reasons why people get diabetes is that their body cannot make proper use of insulin. Eating fruits and vegetables will provide your body with the right chemicals to properly use insulin. Studies have clearly shown that a good diet of fruits and vegetables is an effective prevention strategy against diabetes. 3) Minimize your consumption of fatty foods. The more cholesterol in your body, the harder it becomes for your pancreas to use insulin in digesting the food. This is the reason people get diabetes. If you reduce your fat consumption, you can dramatically reduce your chances of getting diabetes. 4) Drink lots of fluids. The more water you drink, the easier it is for your body to digest the foods you eat. If you assist your body's digestion process by drinking lots of fluids, the body can better use insulin and therefore your chances of getting diabetes get dramatically reduced. 5) Get tested for diabetes. The sooner you know that you have diabetes, the better you can keep the disease in check. The test is inexpensive, and it can be done very quickly. Experts tell us that if you do the above five things -- exercise, eat fruits and vegetables, minimize fatty food consumption, drink lots of fluids, and get regular tests -- you can prevent diabetes very effectively. In fact, studies show that these strategies work over 80

Authors: Rimal, Rajiv., Morrison, Dan. and Mitchell, Monique.
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background image
The RPA Framework
10
dangerous and sometimes even fatal” was replaced with “effects of diabetes may be
inconvenient, but not fatal.”
High Efficacy. If the participant was randomly assigned to the high-efficacy condition,
the participant received this message on the next screen:
“There's quite a bit that you can do to change your risk of getting diabetes: 1) Exercise
regularly. A regular routine of exercise has been found to be extremely useful in
preventing diabetes. Physical exercise helps the body regulate its use of insulin, which
can prevent diabetes. 2) Eat lots of fruits and vegetables. One of the reasons why people
get diabetes is that their body cannot make proper use of insulin. Eating fruits and
vegetables will provide your body with the right chemicals to properly use insulin.
Studies have clearly shown that a good diet of fruits and vegetables is an effective
prevention strategy against diabetes. 3) Minimize your consumption of fatty foods. The
more cholesterol in your body, the harder it becomes for your pancreas to use insulin in
digesting the food. This is the reason people get diabetes. If you reduce your fat
consumption, you can dramatically reduce your chances of getting diabetes. 4) Drink lots
of fluids. The more water you drink, the easier it is for your body to digest the foods you
eat. If you assist your body's digestion process by drinking lots of fluids, the body can
better use insulin and therefore your chances of getting diabetes get dramatically reduced.
5) Get tested for diabetes. The sooner you know that you have diabetes, the better you
can keep the disease in check. The test is inexpensive, and it can be done very quickly.
Experts tell us that if you do the above five things -- exercise, eat fruits and vegetables,
minimize fatty food consumption, drink lots of fluids, and get regular tests -- you can
prevent diabetes very effectively. In fact, studies show that these strategies work over 80


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