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Risk and Efficacy as Motivators of Change: Test of the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) Framework
Unformatted Document Text:  The RPA Framework 9 assigned at random, that it had nothing to do with their actual risk status, and that it was not possible for the researchers to calculate their actual risk status. Similar information was provided about the efficacy manipulation. Participants were then provided information about diabetes and were told where they could obtain additional information. After this debriefing, the research assistant answered all questions. Participants were then told that they could opt to not allow the researchers to use their responses if they so chose. None of the participants chose this option. Participants were then thanked and dismissed. Manipulations High Risk. If the participant was randomly assigned to the high-risk condition, the computer screen informed them: According to the information you provided, your Diabetes Risk Factor Score (DRFS)© has been calculated as: within the top 10 percent of the population. This means that you are highly vulnerable to diabetes. This assessment was made by calculating various factors, including your age, sex, race, family history, your reported behaviors, your attitudes, and other factors. While this assessment is not 100% accurate, it is highly reliable. The American Diabetes Association has found that the (DRFS)© is about 98% accurate. As you know, diabetes can be a deadly disease. Effects of diabetes can be dangerous and sometimes even fatal.” Low Risk. If the participant was randomly assigned to the low-risk condition, the participant was provided with the same information as above, except that “within the top 10 percent” was replaced by “within the bottom 10 percent” and “highly vulnerable to diabetes” was replaced with “not at all vulnerable to diabetes.” Furthermore, “effects of diabetes can be

Authors: Rimal, Rajiv., Morrison, Dan. and Mitchell, Monique.
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The RPA Framework
9
assigned at random, that it had nothing to do with their actual risk status, and that it was not
possible for the researchers to calculate their actual risk status. Similar information was
provided about the efficacy manipulation. Participants were then provided information about
diabetes and were told where they could obtain additional information. After this debriefing, the
research assistant answered all questions. Participants were then told that they could opt to not
allow the researchers to use their responses if they so chose. None of the participants chose this
option. Participants were then thanked and dismissed.
Manipulations
High Risk. If the participant was randomly assigned to the high-risk condition, the
computer screen informed them:
According to the information you provided, your Diabetes Risk Factor Score (DRFS)©
has been calculated as: within the top 10 percent of the population. This means that you
are highly vulnerable to diabetes. This assessment was made by calculating various
factors, including your age, sex, race, family history, your reported behaviors, your
attitudes, and other factors. While this assessment is not 100% accurate, it is highly
reliable. The American Diabetes Association has found that the (DRFS)© is about 98%
accurate. As you know, diabetes can be a deadly disease. Effects of diabetes can be
dangerous and sometimes even fatal.”
Low Risk. If the participant was randomly assigned to the low-risk condition, the
participant was provided with the same information as above, except that “within the top 10
percent” was replaced by “within the bottom 10 percent” and “highly vulnerable to diabetes” was
replaced with “not at all vulnerable to diabetes.” Furthermore, “effects of diabetes can be


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